Except during the relatively brief period of colonial rule, Rwanda was, and is, a violent society.
Throughout the entire period, central political power has been almost absolute.
Ethiopian Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed, has created a peace ministry to stabilise the East African nation.
Ethiopian Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed, has created a peace ministry but that may not be enough to stabilize the East African state.
4Max via Shutterstock
Author Sheena Kalayil writes about her global life and why she believes the BAME acronym tells people nothing about her.
Genetic ancestry testing might all seem like harmless fun, but there is a downside.
The results of genetic ancestry tests are grossly over-simplified. A new study shows the tests reinforce what you want to believe rather than offering objective, scientific proof of who you are.
Pro-tolerance march in Des Moines, Iowa, in 2015.
Diversity is an enormously appealing and powerful concept, yet it can also distract us from the focus we need to face today’s pressing social issues. So what’s the way forward?
Devolving power and resources from the centre to the counties was a key pillar of Kenya’s 2010 referendum vote.
In many counties, there are new health centres, roads and street lights that wouldn't be there without devolution.
South African court rules that racism is a criminal offence.
Past cases indicate that verbal crimen injuria is not that serious. But a landmark sentence in South Africa has changed that.
All for one?
Big new accountancy survey highlights the limitations in UK government's approach to pay gap reporting.
What’s your ‘street race’?
The upcoming census, like many before it, will boil complex information on race, ethnicity and ancestry into just two questions. That leaves a lot of important information out of the data.
Research suggests that suicides by racial and ethnic minorities are undercounted.
Many cultures still experience silence and shame around mental health issues. But that doesn't mean they don't need help.
Cookham House, near Arnold Circus – the first council housing in the UK.
Image by John Lubbock via Wikimedia Commons.
The physical segregation of cities has a crucial role in poverty and access to public services.
A supporter of the opposition leader Raila Odinga faces off against riot police officers during a protest in Nairobi.
Elections in Kenya are never just a matter of casting ballots. Historically, they have been marred by ethno-political violence, exacerbated by vigilantes and militias deployed by politicians.
English language minority students can struggle to express themselves authentically in online courses if they are new to the conventions of Western discourse and written academic style.
The discourse and structure of online learning can exclude English language minority students. Techniques such as video chats, "safe houses" and content-focused grading can support their success.
Kenya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta waves as he leaves a campaign rally in the capital.
While Kenya's political leaders often adopt a populist approach to politics, it's not unimaginable that the courts could also pursue a populist path by claiming to speak for the people.
‘I’m called what?!’
The latest UK baby name data is in. But a name is more than just a noun, it can reveal who you are and where you come from.
When Kenyans vote, ethnic conflict is never too far behind.
One way to diffuse the tension when Kenyans choose a head of state is to take that decision out of their hands. This could help achieve ethnic cohesion.
Research shows government payments are effective in reducing some of the inequality produced by factors beyond a person’s control.
Inequality of opportunities accounts for roughly 8% of income inequality in Australia.
The debate about Africa’s middle class has largely ignored earlier analyses on African elites.
We should be wary of simplified and sweeping explanations about the scope for potential social and political reforms the middle classes can promote.
People queued to cast their votes in Kenya’s election. The final results have yet to be released.
Despite concerns about corruption, the high cost of living and a stagnating economy, Kenyans may have handed Uhuru Kenyatta a second term.
Former President Mwai Kibaki (bottom left) and opposition leader Raila Odinga (bottom right) sign a power-sharing agreement in February 2008.
Kenya must address the problem of tribalism and ethnic violence. To do this leaders must critically examine the concept of political ideology.