Articles on Peace & Security

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Hundreds of thousands of Portuguese have migrated to Angola since the European financial crisis in 2008. Niko Nomad/Shutterstock

How Portuguese migrants in Angola navigate corruption

Migrants leave poor countries for a better life in richer ones. But the migration of Portuguese to Angola after Europe's 2008 financial crisis shows how roles can be reversed.
Anglophone Cameroonians want to secede from the Francophone part of the country. Erin Alexis Randolph/Shutterstock

Is it Cameroon’s turn to be suspended from US trade pact with Africa?

Cameroon's Anglophone crisis that's pitted its English speaking citizens against the central government could result in the country being denied preferential trade agreements with the US.
Somaliland’s ruling party candidate and newly elected president Musa Bihi Abdi. Stringer/Reuters

Somaliland after the elections: old traps, new challenges

The self-declared territory of Somaliland has held peaceful elections since it broke away from Somalia in 1991. But last month's polls triggered protests that should be cause for reflection.
Congolese soldiers arrest anti-government protester in North Kivu province. Kenny Katombe/Reuters

2017: the year the Democratic Republic of Congo would like to forget

President Joseph Kabila was supposed to step down at the end of his term in 2016. By clinging on to power he threw the Democratic Republic of Congo into a vicious cycle of deadly conflict.
Zimbabwe’s Defence Force has taken control of the country’s political affairs. Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters

After Mugabe: why the role of Zimbabwe’s army can’t be trusted

By intervening in Zimbabwe's politics the military could plunge the country into a prolonged period of uncertainty. Could President Emmerson Mnangagwa be its saviour?
Gambian refugees on a wooden boat. Thousands of Africans make the perilous journey across the Mediterranean each year hoping for a better life in Europe. Emma Farge/Reuters

Returning migrants to The Gambia: the political, social and economic costs

Gambia became a symbol for democratic change earlier this year when former dictator Yahya Jammeh was peacefully ousted through the ballot box. Now Europe wants its Gambian immigrants to return home.
National Super Alliance supporters demonstrating for the sacking of election officials involved in August’s cancelled presidential vote. Thomas Mukoya/Reuters

How Kenya’s political leaders are adding to the prolonged election crisis

Despite avenues for legal redress, the solution to Kenya’s constitutional crisis is political. The leadership on both sides of the political divide must reach an agreement for the sake of the nation.
A placard “leave the power” being held by a demonstrator during a protest against President Faure Gnassingbe in Lome. Noel Kokou Tadegnon/Reuters

Togo: will the people finally dethrone the Gnassingbé dynasty?

The seeds of discord that were planted in independent Togo have resulted in ethnic divisions, and a state that has long been ruled by family. But recent protests could mean things are about to change.
President Uhuru Kenyatta and contender Raila Odinga in happier times. The two are now embroiled in a bitter political contest. Reuters/Thomas Mukoya

The thin line between electoral credibility and political stability in Kenya

Democracy doesn't seem to work within societies governed by politics of ethnicity. Instead, elections continue to offer up the hard choice between electoral credibility and political stability.
In Africa mediation mandates are typically contained in resolutions passed by the UN the AU or sub-regional bodies that attempt to resolve conflicts. Tiksa Negeri/Reuters

Study on African mediation highlights the significance of the mandate

Mediation is common in Africa but there hasn't been enough emphasis on how it affects the outcome of peace negotiations.
Kenya’s Supreme Court judges preside before delivering the judgment that nullified last month’s presidential election Baz Ratner/Reuters

Kenya’s fresh election ruling: just another instalment in a highly contested process

Kenya's electoral commission faced many legal challenges before the general election, and yet another after the poll. But how will the Supreme Court's historic ruling impact the country's democracy?
Kenyan opposition leader Raila Odinga reacts after the Supreme Court declares the election invalid. Baz Ratner/Reuters

Kenya’s Supreme Court ruling and what it means for the country

Kenya's Supreme Court landmark ruling has opened the door to robust conversation around the country's nascent democracy, paving the way for rule of law and stronger institutions.

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