It’s the ability of our immune system to remember past infections, and pass this memory on to our kids, that allows us to survive infectious diseases.
With so many microbes capable of hijacking and destroying us, how are we, as a species, still enduring?
What if it wasn’t back to the drawing board every year for a new flu shot?
Flu virus mutates so quickly that one year's vaccine won't work on the next year's common strains. But a new way to create vaccines, called 'rational design,' might pave the way for more lasting solutions.
Revellers at a carnival in Sao Paulo wear mosquito masks in a reference to the
Aedes aegypti mosquito, which can spread dengue and Zika on February 4, 2016.
Emerging research suggests that preexisting immunity to dengue virus, which is endemic in South America, could make a subsequent Zika infection worse.
South Africa’s planned withdrawal from the ICC is considered a detraction from Nelson Mandela’s “inspiring legacy”.
The ICC has made important advances by investigating cases outside Africa and completing ones that further define what is not allowed in war. South Africa’s withdrawal is concerning, but not fatal.
A vial of the Zika Virus Investigational DNA Vaccine from the NIH.
NIH Image Gallery/Flickr
The long vaccine development process is focused on ensuring production of the safest and most effective vaccine for use.
There's an effective vaccine – but it's not always the best option.
Most people know sleep is important. But few know a lack of it can put us at greater risk of heart disease and obesity.
Not getting enough quality sleep can have significant implications for health.
Our modern crops need some help in the immunity department.
Andy / Andrew Fogg
Modern agriculture is synonymous with monoculture. That lack of diversity is bad news for plants' natural immune defenses. Researchers are figuring out how to help plants fend off microbes – without pesticides.
The only thing standing between invaders such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi and our devastation is our immune system.
The immune system does such a good job most of the time that we only really think about it when things go wrong. But to provide such excellent protection, it must constantly learn.
The immune system protects us from the constant onslaught of viruses, bacteria and other types of pathogens we encounter throughout life. But it can sometimes misbehave.
There are lessons to be learnt about the ICC from the Kellogg-Briand Pact, signed in 1928. It failed to prevent the outbreak of war but brought war criminals to justice later.
The ICC has not lived up to its noble intentions of making the world more just. Its failure echoes that of the 1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact, which set out to banish wars and to settle disputes peacefully.
On your mark, get set … ah-choo!
Exercise is good for you – we hear it all the time. Sitting is the new smoking. Exercise reduces the risk of cancer, improves your memory and makes you happier. But does exercise have a sinister side that…
Chronic fatigue is often misunderstood by the general public and medical professionals alike.
Flickr / Arne Coormans
Chronic fatigue syndrome, or myalgic encephalomyelitis, is a highly debilitating, but often misunderstood, disorder. As its name suggests, the illness is characterised by profound fatigue, muscle and joint…
Vitamin B metabolites produced by Salmonella bacteria can activate the immune system, a study has found, paving the way for…
Discovery of a key mechanism in the brain’s immune system that amplifies addiction to opioid drugs proves addiction to morphine…
In a world first study, Victorian researchers showed that the number of girls presenting with abnormal pap smear results dropped after the introduction of a broad-based vaccination program.
Australian researchers have shown for the first time that the number of girls presenting with pre-cancer cells on the cervix…
Scientists have for the first time seem the workings of T-cells, the front-line troops that alert our immune system to go…
Could cleanliness be causing the rise of auto-immune diseases and allergies?
Could our obsession with cleanliness in our homes be working against us? Advertisers fetishise germ-free kitchens and bathrooms where the threat of “harmful bacteria” is always lurking but can be eradicated…