The ABS estimates that as of December 2016, the Australian population was around 24.4 million.
The 2016 Census reveals that Australia is becoming much more diverse – in terms of language, country of birth, Indigenous status, and religion.
In political terms, the Howard government faced little opposition to the Northern Territory Intervention.
The Northern Territory Intervention implemented coercive measures that would have been unthinkable in other, non-Indigenous communities.
The sun rises above Uluru in outback Australia.
'Australian values' have been mangled into meaninglessness by countless politicians. But there is an national character, shaped by the Australian land. New research investigates Outback values.
The prison system is tasked with several purposes: punishment, deterrence, protection and rehabilitation.
The largest increases in Australia's prison numbers have been in remand, Indigenous and women prisoners.
Quentin Agius Aboriginal Cultural Tours’ Point Pearce tour, South Australia.
It is a problem in our efforts to build reconciliation that Australians appear not to be taking up the hospitality of their fellow Australians.
A treaty would be an agreement that is rather like that of host and guest, with rights and responsibilities for each party.
Treaties have to be the foundation for constitutional recognition, not the reverse.
‘We cannot talk about building truthful relationships without being honest about the racialised realities of our social world.’
The result of the 1967 referendum may well have made Australia appear less racist, but it did not address the inherently racist nature of the Constitution.
The way ahead for giving Indigenous Australians an appropriate place in the Constitution is problematic.
Lucy Hughes Jones/AAP
If earlier timetables had been achievable and voters persuadable, we might by now have had same-sex marriage on the statute books and agreement to the recognition of Australia’s First Peoples in the Constitution…
The statement from the constitutional convention at Uluru reflects long-held Indigenous aspirations.
AAP/Lucy Hughes Jones
Indigenous Australians have issued a statement calling for constitutional reform that is substantive and meaningful.
At a demonstration, Faith Bandler (right) and her daughter Lilon (2R) appeal to national unity as grounds for constitutional amendment.
Aboriginal Studies Press
The 1967 referendum was the culmination of a long struggle for both Aboriginal rights and respect, for social esteem as well as equality before the law.
Indigenous children depicted in an etching playing the game of marngrook, which some have claimed inspired the game of Australian rules.
The revival of the idea of Indigenous influence on the origins of Australian rules football diverts attention from another, much more uncomfortable story about Indigenous relationships to football.
The constitutional convention is the latest step in the long-running debate on constitutional recognition of Indigenous Australians.
At Uluru, Indigenous representatives from across Australia will aim to reach consensus on what constitutional recognition means to them.
Painting the 1967 referendum as a ‘success’ in terms of effective reform for Aboriginal people is problematic.
The 1967 referendum fell far short in giving people what they thought they were voting for, and in giving Aboriginal people what they wanted from it.
The Cashless Debit Card is a significant advance in tackling socioeconomic problems.
National Aboriginal Community Controlled Organisation
Critics of the Cashless Welfare Card trial overlook the fact it is curbing alcohol and gambling problems – and it's what the communities want.
The attention on the 2016 Census until now has been mostly negative.
Today’s release of data from the 2016 Census allows us to identify some of Australians' more common characteristics, how they vary across states and territories, and how they are changing over time.
People have camped in the long grass since colonisation. From this perspective, bans on the practice are a denial of Indigenous agency, culture and rights to country.
Photo: K. Pollard
In contrast to perceptions of other homeless people sleeping rough, Darwin's "long-grassers" are applying a long cultural tradition to deal with the situation in which they find themselves.
Treaties are formal agreements, reached via respectful negotiation under which both sides accept a series of responsibilities.
No treaty between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians has ever been recognised, but developments at the state level suggest this may soon change.
Traditional hunting poses no threat to dugongs.
The real threats to dugongs and turtles are not being addressed.
William Westall’s drawing of the body of an Indigenous man shot at Blue Mud Bay (1803).
National Library of Australia
The English navigator had a habit of fair-mindedness. But did it affect the way he related to local Aboriginal people as he circumnavigated Australia?
Indigenous Australians have always done plenty to try to improve their lives.
Waves of policies from successive Coalition and Labor governments have followed a paternalistic lead. This has created further impediments to thousands of Indigenous peoples who are doing plenty.