Taking on the state with threats and violent protests was met with a swift crackdown by Imran Khan's new government.
Sculpture of ninth-century Persian scholar Al-Khwarizmi in Khiva, Uzbekistan. Latin discovery of Al-Khwarizmi’s work introduced the numerals 0-9, one of many ways in which Islamic cultures have contributed to Western civilisation.
Western civilisation and Islam are sometimes seen as diametrically opposed. Yet Islamic cultures have contributed much to the West, in language, philosophy and literature.
Muslim women wear the hijab as a statement of fashion and identity.
Muslim women are often perceived as oppressed and self-segregated, but many contemporary Muslim women reinterpret Islam to express their sense of style and fashion.
A Senegalese nun prays during a service at the St. Peters church in Dakar, Senegal.
Neither French nor American, Senegalese secularism stands midway between these two models
This term ‘jihad’ can include various forms of nonviolent struggles: for instance, the struggle to become a better person.
AP Photo/Lynne Sladky
Violent radicals are often described as jihadists. A scholar explains what the word means and why those using the word to justify terrorism are often misrepresenting their sources.
Why sexual and gender based violence has become a phenomenon within refugee families.
Javid is through to the second round of the Tory leadership election.
Snubbed for a recent state dinner with Donal Trump, the home secretary walks a difficult line in a party struggling with the question of islamophobia.
Muslim women at a prayer service at a mosque in Redmond, Washington, to mark the end of Ramadan and the start of Eid-al-Fitr in 2016.
AP Photo/Ted S. Warren
Muslims throughout the world will celebrate the holiday of Eid al-Fitr, a celebration at the end of Ramadan. Here's an introduction to this important feast and its partner, Eid al-Adha.
A delegate in traditional Uighur dress listens to a speaker during a meeting with delegates from China’s Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region in Beijing,
AP Photo/Mark Schiefelbein
Muslims came to China in the 13th century and played an influential role. Tensions have escalated since 9/11, and the global community is largely silent.
An environmental demonstration by the MADE charity.
For a growing number of Muslims, being 'radical' is to practice environmental and social justice.
Halima Aden, the first Muslim model to wear a hijab and burkini on the cover of the swimsuit edition of the Sports Illustrated.
Hijab-wearing model Halima Aden will be featured in Sports Illustrated's annual swimsuit edition. Here's why her success needs to be viewed in context of a long history of black Muslim women's fashions.
The Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque, one of the landmarks in Brunei. Brunei recently announced punishing gay sex by stoning offenders to death.
AP Photo/Vincent Thian
Some Islamic nations, including Brunei, have harsh punishments under Sharia. In pre-modern times, Sharia was rarely used as criminal law, and standard of proof for any prosecution was very high.
Many Muslim Australians currently live with diabetes.
The holy month of Ramadan begins on Sunday night. This can present a challenge for Muslim people with type 2 diabetes who want to fast but can't necessarily do so safely.
Muslim clerics and members of the Pakistani Christian minority light candles to commemorate the victims of this week’s bomb blasts in Sri Lanka. Islamic State has claimed responsibility for the attacks.
For centuries, Westerners viewed Islam as an inherently violent religion. But the struggle today, for all religions, including Christianity, is between liberals and conservatives, fundamentalists and moderates, reason and revelation.
A district employee carries a ballot box a day before distributing to pollings center in Bogor, West Java. Indonesia will hold its general elections on 17 April, during which the president, vice president, and legislative members will be elected.
Here is what you need to know about Indonesia's elections and what's at stake.
Jokowi has maintained a double-digit lead in most recent polls, but some moderate supporters have indicated they may stay away from the polls.
Indonesian President Joko Widodo has been burnishing his religious credentials ahead of this week's election. Will it be enough to beat an old rival, the firebrand populist Prabowo Subianto?
Indonesian students pay tribute to the victims of the Christchurch mosque shootings.
Some Muslims hide their identity, pretending to be less devout than they actually are, in a bid to deflect Islamophobia.
An attorney for the Muslim enclave of Islamberg prays in a mosque in Tompkins, New York. American Muslims have a history going back 400 years.
AP Photo/Mark Lennihan
Muslims are not new to America. The first Muslims came as slaves and left a deep influence on a host of music genres, such as the blues and jazz.
About a million Rohingya refugees are living in Bangladesh.
AP Photo/Dar Yasin
It's not necessarily because of Islamophobia.
Conservative lawmakers in dozens of U.S. states have raised fears that Islamic fundamentalists want to impose Sharia on Americans.
There is no inherent tension between Islam and democratic values. Like any use of religion in politics, the application of Sharia as law depends on who is using it – and why.