More of Australia's oceans should be placed under high protection, according to the latest marine reserves review.
South Africa has the opportunity to benefit from its ocean economy. But to do that, the country needs to put better policies in place to counter ocean acidification.
The open oceans are the world's "wild west", falling outside any nation's jurisdiction. UN negotiations are aiming to draft new laws for the high seas.
South Africa’s oceans economy can contribute R177 billion to the GDP and create up to one million new jobs by 2033. But this requires more skilled people to drive the growth.
Regions that depend on shellfish heavily for their economy and with limited information exchange will be hit hardest by ocean acidification.