West Africa has lessons to learn from its ancient empires and colonial governments on regional trade and integration.
Viewed against the odds of success in getting 55 countries to foster meaningful regional integration, Africa has made commendable progress in crafting its own creative approach.
All over the world people who have been harmed by the conventional money systems are devising alternative currencies, challenging the centralised monetary policy approach.
For real integration to happen, the Pan African Parliament needs to be imbued with supranational law-making powers. But national sovereignty is something that many states are reluctant to give up.
The Southern African Development Community (SADC) roadmap towards greater regional trade integration and development is a good start but lacks detail.
Uganda needs to boost manufacturing and exports to realise the ambitions listed in its social and economic development plan.
The need to connect African markets to aid development will once again be discussed at the World Economic Forum. The debate needs to move beyond the usual rhetoric.
A stalled Trans-Pacific Partnership opens the way for China, which was excluded from the agreement, to assume leadership in regional economic integration efforts in the Asia-Pacific.
Resistance to free movement across borders in many countries suggests that large numbers of African citizens see foreign migrants as competition to local labour and businesses.