The achievements of the Paralympians, and societal shift towards more inclusivity and the celebration of diversity, has had a dramatic effect on the lives of people living with disability.
Predictions that top women athletes will soon be competing with the best men, and may even outperform them someday, have not borne out.
A 1992 paper predicted that if women's running performance continued to improve as rapidly as it had since the 1920s, top women athletes would soon be running as quickly as the men.
These athletes have the strength, speed and spring to jump over 18 metres.
Does it make sense to target female athletes with high testosterone levels? Caster Semenya competes in the women’s 800-meter semifinal during the London Olympics.
Some women naturally produce high levels of testosterone. Why is this innate condition treated differently from other conditions that potentially enhance athletic performance?
Unravelling the common assumption that runners from Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia have a natural advantage.
The 100m final in Rio will be won in a time that would have seemed impossible to the athletes competing in Athens in 1896.
As the track and field events are about to start in Rio, we look at how some athletic events have changed since the first Olympics in 1896.
The perfect stride of Mo Farah.
Elite athletes run differently to us mere mortals, but there's nothing to stop you stealing a few of their techniques.
Athletes face as many as 640 organisational demands at a big competition – and they can all take their toll.
The countries who regularly top the medal table spend millions on training and developing athletes, money that poorer countries simply can't afford to spend on their sporting stars.
Kenyan athletes exercise in the early morning near a high-altitude training camp.
With weeks to go before the Olympics, it's unlikely Kenya will be sanctioned over fresh doping claims. No matter what happens, a shadow will be cast over the integrity of the country's athletes.
Using our heads. New ways to battle doping in Olympic year.
The ban on Russian athletes at the Rio Olympics feels like a victory, but it masks an insular system which is spread too thin.
It all got a bit too much for Wales fan Jamie Collins.
Football, cricket, athletics, rugby – whatever the sport, the tears are never far away, for both the stars and the spectators.
Caster Semenya was withdrawn from competition in 2009 on the basis that her higher-than-normal testosterone level conferred a performance advantage.
Until recently, women with higher-than-expected testosterone levels were declared ineligible to take part in track and field athletics.
On their knees. Scrutiny and stigma for athletes has ramped up.
The history of the fight against drug taking in sport shows us why we're in such a mess right now.
The Southern Stars celebrate winning the Royal London One Day International Series in 2015.
There's been plenty of commentary about Novak Djokovic's recent remarks on women's bodies and the pay gap in sport. He's right that men and women are different – but female athletes are working a lot harder.
Easy to remember how to do, hard to figure out how it’s working.
What does it take to keep a bicycle upright and moving, without crashing?
Born this way.
The IOC's changes to transgender policy is useful, but the situation is still complicated.
The rebrand awaits.
Why Adidas pulled its sponsorship of the IAAF, the governing body of world athletics.
WADA chief Dick Pound speaks to journalists at the launch of the latest anti-doping report.
Fresh details about the findings of the World Anti Doping Authority raise questions about athletics chiefs.
The long road to reform awaits.
How athletics can and must deal with the doping scandal that threatens the sport's legitimacy.