Understanding the DNA of tumours allows researchers to target treatment to each individual.
Personalised medicine is based on the idea that by understanding the specific molecular code of a person’s disease, and particularly its genetic makeup, we can more accurately tailor treatment.
Young women in Kano, northern Nigeria. Access to cancer screening in the region is particularly problematic.
Women in northern Nigeria are not going for cancer screenings early enough. There are myriad social, cultural and economic reasons for this. But early detection would save their lives.
When should a woman start having mammograms?
How different are the new breast cancer screening guidelines issued by the American Cancer Society? A professor of radiology explains what the new guidelines say about when women should start having yearly mammograms.
Men can get breast cancer, but that doesn't mean they would benefit from screening.
Women with DCIS or stage 0 breast cancer have the same chance of dying from breast cancer as the rest of the population – 3.3%.
We're told that finding symptoms of disease early will prevent the more serious consequences. But for pre-cancerous lesions, also known as stage 0 breast cancer, the picture is much more complicated.
Don’t stay up too late.
Mice via www.shutterstock.com
How does one prove that shift work causes breast cancer, as the authors of the new study claim? A cancer epidemiologist explains how scientists weigh evidence to figure out what causes cancer.
BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations prompted Angelina Jolie to have a preventative double mastectomy and surgery to remove both ovaries.
What if you could take a simple test to reveal your individual risk of developing a range of cancers and hundreds of other diseases?
Australia’s Federal Court last year rejected Ms D'Arcy’s appeal and ruled companies could patent genes they isolated.
The High Court challenge is the last resort for Ms D'Arcy's test case against companies patenting human genes and has implications for patients, clinicians and researchers.
The many presentations of breast cancer.
Breast cancer by Shutterstock
Long gone are the days when breast cancer was seen as a tumour with an underlying relationship with oestrogen. The picture is much more complex.
For 10% of patients the disease will return.
Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in the Western world, with 15,000 women (and about 70 men) diagnosed each year in Australia.
While we search for a cure, we are still searching for cause. A volunteer hangs bras during a promotion against breast cancer in Switzerland in 2008.
Major causes have been identified for most common cancers, like liver and lung. But we still haven't identified one for breast cancer.
Jolie Pitt has announced she has had her ovaries and fallopian tubes removed to mitigate cancer risk.
Jolie Pitt has announced more surgery, this time to mitigate her risk of developing ovarian cancer. But this should ideally not have the same "Jolie effect" as her last operation.
Jolie Pitt: wants other women at risk to know about the options.
Genetic testing for cancer will become more common and risk reducing surgery is one way to cut the risk.
Challenges to the patents for BRCA mutation tests in Australia and the United States resulted in opposing conclusions.
Recent cases in Australia and the United States and a new case in Canada show how controversial the subject of gene patents is. But technological advances and the cost of patenting may soon mean gene patents…
Something to be worried about, or not?
Screening by Shutterstock
Screening can save lives, which is why the NHS offers checks for breast, cervical and bowel cancers. Breast screening tries to pick up cancer at an early stage when it may be more treatable. Cervical screening…
Participants and guests at a Walk for Breast Cancer decked out in pink.
Breast cancer walk image via www.shutterstock.com
Awareness efforts can focus public attention and help scientists raise funds for research. But the impact on eradicating the disease itself and helping patients today is much less clear.
Stopping breast cancer step by step.
It is well established that faults in the BRCA2 gene (and the BRCA1 gene that prompted actress Angelina Jolie to undergo a mastectomy) increase the risk of breast, ovarian, prostate and other cancers…
Having a risk factor doesn’t mean a woman will develop breast cancer.
Breast cancer accounts for one in four female cancers diagnosed in Australia each year. It is estimated that by the age of 85, one in eight women will be diagnosed with breast cancer and one in 39 will…
Research suggests the chemicals in chokeberry have a synergistic effect with a cancer drug.
Extracts from a berry can improve the effectiveness of a chemotherapy drug, according to research published today in the Journal of Clinical Pathology. But it’s best to view this finding with caution because…
Research that found links between abortion and breast cancer also found men who had ‘much opportunity to participate in parties’ were more likely to have stomach cancer.
The purported link between abortion and breast cancer is based on research that’s no longer accepted as valid because its methods are so flawed. But that hasn’t stopped politicians such as Fred Nile and…