Throughout history, metaphors based around the testes and semen brought out very different sides of masculinity.
Values are key to a nation’s success and the happiness of its citizens. Those associated with femininity, in particular, make for a happier country.
What makes for a thriving nation and happy citizens? Values. A nation's institutions need people with supporting underlying values to perform at their best.
US President Donald Trump signs the presidential decree banning the funding of international NGOs supporting abortion.
In public events Donald Trump has displayed the traits of a dominant masculinity. Yet the American president's policies represent an anthropological and ecological model that's outdated.
Hugh Hefner at a Playmate of the Year party in 2005.
Hefner's iconic Playmates, a scholar argues, need to be understood within their historical context, when men and especially women were expected to uphold strict standards of sexual propriety.
Hugh Hefner, founder of Playboy magazine, has died age 91.
Hugh Hefner, founder of Playboy magazine, has died age 91. While many have pointed to Playboy's problematic relationship with women, when it first appeared in 1953 the magazine was a challenge to Cold War men.
Some gay gang members are open about their sexuality, but others remain in the closet, fearing they could endanger themselves or the status of their gang.
A sociologist spent two years interviewing gay gang members. While some were in the closet and others were openly gay, all were forced to reckon with an environment of hypermasculinity.
Men who had to take responsibility for younger siblings growing up were not concerned about conforming to dominant ideas about manhood.
About 60% of children in South Africa under 10 years don't live with their biological fathers. But research sheds light on those who despite the pressures remain involved in their children’s lives.
Protesters hold signs at the Chicago Women’s March in January 2017.
John W. Iwanski
In the first study of the relationship between gender and national identity, the authors wonder if the answer might explain why the country still hasn't had a female vice president or president.
Jay Z, Beyoncé and daughter Blue Ivy sit court side at a basketball game in New Orleans in Feb. 2017. Jay Z opened up about his relationship with Beyoncé on his new album, “4:44.”
(AP Photo/Gerald Herbert)
In 4:44, his 13th album, Jay-z gets confessional and socio-political, challenging traditional notions of Black male bravado and masculinity.
Should I stay or should I go? More and more dads are staying at home.
The last recession put more men in the position of full-time child carers. How are they coping?
Churches in the global South, especially Africa are growing.
The particular brand of masculinity promoted by Africa's influential male church leaders tends to devalue women, re-inscribe male domination.
Men march against.
violence against women and children in Cape Town, South Africa.
While men regard the social norm of 'proving' their manhood as normal, research shows otherwise. Combating these misconceptions can help reduce male violence.
Groomed to perfection.
Over the past 30 years, capitalism has redefined the labour market – and with it, men.
Young interviewees speak of the pressure to conform to certain ideals of masculinity.
Mutiny // Pro Co
Contemporary television is replete with gruesome tests of survival, charting our obsession with what modern man has lost.
‘Dandy philosopher’, Sir Humphry Davy.
The likes of Charles Darwin and Humphry Davy weren't always seen as the powerful, authoritative heroes they're portrayed as today.
Men are struggling to cope with the pressures of modern life – but they alone cannot solve the problem.
Protesters rally against the proposed budget cuts in Rio de Janeiro in November 2016.
A proposed budget freeze would hurt everyone, but history shows women take the hardest hit.
Risk-taking was the only gender norm in the study associated with both positive and negative mental health outcomes.
Men who see themselves as playboys, and as having power over women, are more prone to poor mental health than those who conform less to traditionally masculine norms, according to a new study.
Who you can become is shaped by the history of your home.
Masculinity is defined by more than just manliness.