PA/PA Archive/PA Images
The risk of "pathocracy" is always close. And once entrenched, difficult to dislodge.
Slavery is not so far removed. Anderson and Minerva Edwards met in the 1860s as enslaved laborers in Texas, had 16 children and lived into their 90s in a cabin a few miles from the plantations they once worked. They are photographed here in 1937.
U.S. Library of Congress
Old injustices don't simply disappear with time – they tear a nation apart.
The auditorium at University of Göttingen today.
Anti-Semitism brought down one of the world's greatest centers for mathematical research.
White nationalists clash with protesters at the Aug. 12, 2017 Charlottesville, Va. rally that turned deadly violent.
Steve Helber/AP Photo
Fear is very much a part of humans' survival. Demagogues and others who want to manipulate have learned that this human trait can be exploited, often with disastrous consequences.
German citizens in Magdeburg the morning after Kristallnacht.
German Federal Archive
Eight decades on, the thought of the state encouraging people to attack groups of citizens is hard to believe. Here are some books that might help.
Being part of the resistance can be complicated.
The 'resistance' to the Trump administration has many forms, from grassroots organizing to making music. But a historian of 20th-century Germany asks whether opposing Trump is a real resistance.
Britain’s opposition Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn – accused of antisemitism – addresses the crowd in Trafalgar Square during protests against the UK visit of US President Donald Trump, July 13, 2018.
Niklas HALLEN / AFP
Charging the leader of the UK Labour Party with antisemitism is a narrative that went mainstream – but it’s one that omits pertinent information and opposing views.
The horrific incarceration of European Jews during WWII should never be forgotten, particularly when we need to solve contemporary genocide and forced migration issues.
6 million Jews were killed in the Holocaust. What happened then, and how we can keep to the promise – “never again”?
The primary legacy of Nazism was the second world war, which led to the deaths of more than 50 million people.
Nazi, fascist, ultra right-wing - these terms seem to be bandied about a lot these days. But what do they really mean?
Former White House strategist Steve Bannon holds a news conference with National Front party leader Marine Le Pen in the northern French city of Lille in March 2018.
Fears about the resurgence of fascism might have seemed irrelevant during the past 70 years, when it was discredited. It doesn’t seem irrelevant today with liberal democracy on the defensive.
Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg departs after testifying on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C., in April 2018 about the use of Facebook data to target American voters in the 2016 presidential election and data privacy.
(AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Knowledge of our selves, quantified in big data and transformed into affective algorithms, is exploited by corporations and political parties to give us our 15 minutes of fame.
Gary Oldman plays Winston Churchill in the 2017 film
Jack English/Focus Features
Not just period pieces, the 2017 films "Dunkirk" and "Darkest Hour" shed light on the intense Brexit debate, and raise important questions about Britain’s fundamental identity.
‘Anti-Semitism is treatable’ – a banner at a Warsaw demonstration.
Reuters/ Agencja Gazeta
Seventy years after the end of World War II, a battle is taking place over Polish collective memory.
Polish refugees in 1939.
Then as now, volunteer groups are stepping in where governments won't.
Responses to the recent discovery of a Nazi swastika raise some awkward questions.
Benito Mussolini’s bust and crypt in San Cassiano cemetery are a sensitive topic in Predappio, Italy.
Politicians hope that a "museum of fascism" in Benito Mussolini's hometown can help the country face its demons. Historians aren't so sure.
What is this man thinking?
AP Photo/Ted S. Warren
What sort of beliefs made a mass movement succeed?
2016 San Francisco pride parade.
Gay pride has many exuberant advocates. It also has critics in unexpected places.
A dozen or so families or their disabled members are deported from Australia every year.
There has been little recognition of how western governments furthered separation of families with disabled children, through immigration policies that ignored postwar humanitarian ideals.
Afrikaans singer Steve Hofmeyr (with the yellow t-shirt) in front of a statue of Paul Kruger at Church Square in Pretoria.
Alon Skuy/The Times
The idea of white victimhood played an important part in Donald Trump's rise. The South African brand of white supremacy has made a tangible contribution to this narrative of victimhood.