Footprints at the second, more recently recorded site in Laetoli.
While the science is crucial, it is also important to know what sense the people who live in and around Laetoli make of these ancient footprints.
Foulden Maar formed 23 million years ago and contains tens of thousands of fossils of extinct plants and animals.
An Australian company's plan to mine a fossil-rich site in New Zealand to produce pig food has been described as unjustifiable vandalism. A campaign is under way to protect the site in perpetuity.
A fossil of the giant new trilobite species
There is evidence to show this monster of the ancient sea was a cannibal, feeding on its own kind.
Do fungi like this
Penicillium mold, which produces the the antibiotic penicillin, trace their origins to an ancestor that lived a billion years ago?
The discovery of a fungus fossil is pushing back the origin of these ancient organisms and rewriting what we know about evolution and the tree of life.
Artistic reconstruction of newly discovered Peregocetus pacificus.
Alberto Gennari/Cell Press
Our flippered friends evolved from small, hooved deer-like creatures more than 50m years ago.
Two gorgonopsian rivals fighting and displaying their large sabre like canines.
The discovery of a fossilised large predator is a rare event that offers insight into these beasts from the past.
A modern mouse lemur
Microcebus sits upon the cranium of an extinct Megaladapis lemur.
Dao Van Hoang www.daovanhoang.com
A series of new studies sheds light on the population crash and extinction of the giant birds, lemurs and more that roamed the island until around A.D. 700-1000.
Dotted Yeti / shutterstock
Exceptionally well preserved 500m year old fossils show Cambrian seas were more diverse than scientists had thought.
Padaungiella lageniformis wiggles its pseudopods.
Daniel J. G. Lahr
Using the family relationships between single-celled protists alive today, researchers hypothesized what their evolutionary ancestors looked like – and then looked in the fossil record for matches.
The Tasmanian devil once thrived on mainland Australia.
It's often said you need to look to the past to learn about the future, and that's what the fossil record can tell about how the Tasmanian Devil survived in the past on mainland Australia.
Roberts Rock, before it slid into the sea, provided evidence of ancient vertebrate life.
Trackways made by vertebrates during the Pleistocene era, dating back to between 36 000 and 140 000 years helps with research into ancient animals.
The trilobite manuport (Bainella sp) from Robberg on the Cape south coast was carried at least 10 km to a small cave shelter. For scale, the bar is 10 cm long.
Geomythology can be a powerful way to inspire more people on the continent to become interested in Africa's palaeoscience.
“Little Foot’s” skull and a 3-D rendering of the endocast.
Beaudet et al. 2019 Journal of Human Evolution
Thanks to hundreds of fossil remains found in Africa studies can explore new scenarios about how our ancestors lived and evolved.
The dinosaur Ledumahadi mafube - reconstructed in this illustration - made headlines in 2018.
Five major finds this year adds to our understanding of evolution and ancient life history.
Svetlana.Is / shutterstock
Our research shows that, millions of years from now, fossilised chicken bones will mark the era of human domination.
Beautifully preserved flowstone and sediment layers from the Cradle of Humankind.
Dr Robyn Pickering
South Africa's fossils can step out of the shadows of being undated and undateable.
Klipbokberg, Grootrivierhoogte, in the Cederberg. These mountains contain clues about ancient landscapes.
A record of sea-level change from 400 million years ago in South Africa, reveals how ecosystems and environments collapsed at the South Pole.
The fossilised skull of a young Australopithecus africanus, known as the Taung Child, is among South Africa’s most famous fossils.
Image courtesy of PAST
Palaeontological finds offer a compelling and profound way to think about our place in nature.
The scientific drilling ship JOIDES Resolution arrives in Honolulu after successful sea trials and testing of scientific and drilling equipment.
The ocean floor holds unique information about Earth's history. Scientific ocean drilling, which started 50 years ago, has yielded insights into climate change, geohazards and the key conditions for life.
Landscape of Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument in southern Utah, one of the most abundant fossil fields in the world.
P. David Polly, 2018
Twenty-two years ago, President Clinton established Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument for paleontological conservation. As the Trump administration shrinks its borders, that mission is jeopardized.