The Valley of the Kings in ancient Egypt proved a useful testing ground for examples of osteoarthritis.
Bones and texts showed how decades of strenuous hikes led to higher levels of osteoarthritis in workers' knees and ankles in an ancient Egyptian village.
Research of ancient DNA has tended to ignore previous studies about the bones themselves.
A rush of ancient DNA projects in Africa has presented the curators of archaeological skeletons with ethical issues because research requires the destruction of human bone.
Reconstruction of an adult basal cynodont with its young.
Image by James Stemler
Two fossils found in South Africa provide direct evidence of parental care in extinct pre-mammalian ancestors.
Moschops are fighting using their ornamented head as a weapon.
(Artwork by Alex Bernardini, SimplexPaleo)
The Moschops fossil was discovered in South Africa in 1911 and a new study of a complete skull shows how its dense braincase protected the brain and sense organs during head-to-head combat.
Lida Ajer cave - a small but well decorated front entrance.
The evidence of a much earlier presence of humans in Indonesia was found more than 100 years ago. But only now has the age of the fossil teeth been accurately dated.
How the mighty dinosaurs would have walked millions of years ago.
Flickr/Ørjan Hoyd Vøllestad
The footprints of dinosaurs can tell a lot about how they moved about many millions of years ago.
Dr Tim Holland (seated right) assisting volunteers in the excavation of the ribs of
Austrosaurus mckillopi in 2015.
The location of a dinosaur find on a remote Queensland sheep station was lost for almost 80 years. But the site was rediscovered, and details are now emerging about the make up of the new dinosaur.
Teeth don’t lie.
Homo naledi seems to have enjoyed small, hard foods like nuts.
Ken in the field with his team from the ANU in 1990 at Gogo (left to right) Dr Peter Pridmore, Prof Ken Campbell, Mrs Val Elder and Dr Richard Barwick.
One of Australia's most distinguished palaeontologists will be farewelled at a funeral in Canberra today.
Here’s the fossil… what can you tell about how this animal lived?
Matteo De Stefano/MUSE-Science Museum
With no identifiable body parts, it's hard to know how these fossilized creatures lived. A new approach models how the ocean's water would interact with their unique shapes – hinting at their lifestyle.
Computed tomography scans of a frog skeleton. These fossil frogs are useful to track climatic change.
Fossils of the lowly frog indicate that the evolution of South Africa's west coast winter rainfall pattern is more complex, and possibly occurred much later, than previously thought
Hypothetical reconstruction of the largest extinct megapode,
Progura gallinacea (right), with a modern Brush-turkey and a Grey Kangaroo.
Artwork by E. Shute, from photos by Tony Rudd, Kim Benson and Aaron Camens
Large birds once lived across Australia, only to become extinct around the time that giant marsupials and other megafauna died out during the Pleistocene "ice ages".
Children gather around a fossil skull at a South African museum.
As an intellectual history of the disciplines of paleontology and paleoanthropology, Kuljan’s book is especially adept at narrating the interwoven connections between science and power.
Jean-Jacques Hublin, MPI-EVA, Leipzig
A researcher tells the story of how he and his team discovered the oldest Homo Sapiens fossil bones to date in Morocco.
Enormous sediment cones in a cave at Naracoorte. Two people in overalls show the scale of the area.
Layers and layers of sand and sediment collected in Naracoorte Caves create windows into what Australia was like in our recent past.
The fossil remains which have caused all the consternation.
Jochen Fuss, Nikolai Spassov, David R. Begun, Madelaine Böhme/via Wikimedia Commons
The theory that humankind originated in Europe is an old one. It was abandoned in 1924 when the first Australopithecus was discovered in South Africa.
Fossilised dinosaur eggs in nests, uncovered by a raid on illegal fossils in 2004.
A new, "baby dragon" dinosaur revealed in a fossil returned to China is a striking example of the discoveries that might be lost when scientific specimens are illegally removed and traded.
Local people at Tendaguru (Tanzania) excavation site in 1909 with Giraffatitan fossils.
Wikimedia Commons/Public domain
Africa has one of the world's richest fossil records, and evidence suggests that amateurs collected really important fossils long before professionals arrived on the scene.
Ridges in the Dresser Formation in the Pilbara Craton of Western Australia that preserve ancient stromatolites and hot spring deposits.
Life on the land could have started millions of years earlier on Earth than first thought. This could change the way we think about life developing elsewhere in the universe.
“Neo” skull of Homo naledi from the Lesedi Chamber.
John Hawks/Wits University
Evidence of Homo naledi's age suggests we need to rethink our understanding of human history and evolution.