Australian families have been sitting down in front of the TV on New Year’s Eve for over 60 years.
From Clint Eastwood to Bert Newton – here's what Melbourne could watch on that new technology, the television set, to see in the new decade.
The grand facade of Sydney’s Rum Hospital did little to improve patients’ accommodation.
Charles Pickering/State Library of NSW
Australia's hospitals have come a long way from the huts of convict times to the well thought-out spaces we see today.
Waters from the Herbert River, which runs toward one of northern Australia’s richest agricultural districts, could be redirected under a Bradfield scheme.
The ‘New Bradfield’ scheme seeks to revive a nation-building ethos supposedly stifled by bureaucratic inertia. But there are good reasons the scheme never became a reality.
Elephants destined for Wirths’ circus on a ship’s deck circa 1925. Early last century, Frances Levvy asked school students to write an essay on whether the exhibition of wild animals in travelling menageries was consistent with humanity.
By Sam Hood ca. 1925-ca. 1945, State Library of NSW
Born in 1831, at a time when animals were widely regarded as property, Frances Levvy used the power of the press and the passion of children to advocate for their welfare.
The anti-transportation ‘ladies petition’ from 1850 is one of the first concrete examples of political engagement by women in the NSW colony.
Parliament of NSW
A newly-discovered petition from 1850 provides rare evidence of what might be women's first moment of political activism in Australia.
Berry, and other tourist towns, are out of step with modern museum curation which is trying to include Aboriginal communities and their stories.
Away from the state capitals, small museums are out of step with big city curators - presenting tourists with stories that give a blinkered view of local history.
You might not know the name, but you would recognise the songs. Mojo was the advertising agency behind such classics as You Ought to be Congratulated.
The ABC documentary, How Australia Got Its Mojo, purported to tell the story of advertising agency Mojo. But the real story is more complex.
Through Paul Hogan and Crocodile Dundee we can learn a lot about the enduring myth of the Aussie Bloke.
The mythical Australian bloke is white, straight, and able-bodied – he's Crocodile Dundee. But where does this legend come from, and what is his future?
Frank Hurley, fish underwater, 1922. Coloured lantern slide.
Australian Museum AMS320/V3242
In the days before scuba technology, the celebrated photographer sought to capture the beauty of the reef by placing corals in an aquarium and shooting them. But under stress, they released algae.
A large bowl or pan thought to have been made in Sydney by the potter Thomas Ball between 1801 and 1823.
Courtesy of Casey & Lowe, photo by Russell Workman
Though the Indigenous inhabitants were using white clay long before them, Sydney-made pottery helped colonists maintain different aspects of 'civilised' behaviour.
Grata Flos Greig, First Female Law Graduate, c1904, University of Melbourne. Flos was the first woman admitted to the Australian legal profession.
University of Melbourne Archives, UMA/I/5131
When Flos Greig first entered law school, it was illegal for women to become lawyers. Undeterred, she lobbied for change and became the first woman admitted to the legal profession in Australia.
A scene at the Aquarius Festival, Nimbin, 1973.
Flickr/Harry Watson Smith, CC BY-SA
Nimbin before and after: local voices on how the 1973 Aquarius Festival changed a town forever.
The Conversation, CC BY 69.6 MB (download)
The stories shared with you today are drawn from consultations and interviews with more than 60 Nimbin residents, Aquarius Festival participants and Indigenous elders.
A scene at the Aquarius Festival, Nimbin, 1973.
Flickr/Harry Watson Smith
The stories I share with you today are drawn from consultations and interviews with more than 60 Nimbin residents, Aquarius Festival participants and Indigenous elders.
We have so much more to learn about Australia.
The story of Australia has been studied and explored many times by researchers. Look what they've revealed, so far.
A Motu trading ship with its characteristic crab claw shaped sails. Taken in the period 1903-1904.
Trustees of The British Museum
It has often been assumed that Australia was essentially isolated until 1788. But research into the seagoing trade on the south coast of Papua New Guinea suggests otherwise.
Nicholas Chevalier, Mallee scrub, Murray River, NSW, watercolour, 1871.
National Library of Australia
Captain Cook's 1770 voyage is well known. But at this time, Indigenous Australians also travelled great distances - let's recognise this in the 2020 commemorations.
Wes Mountain/The Conversation
The Aussie accent has been lambasted as "lazy", but this view doesn't come from the facts.
It has been compulsory to vote in Australia - unlike in most other countries - since 1924.
With world-first compulsory and preferential voting, Australia was born not on the battlefield but at the ballot box.
Letham with her board.
Dee Why library.
Isabel Letham was one of the first Australians to ride the waves. After moving to the US in 1918, she became an epitome of the modern woman: economically independent, physically daring and unapologetically ambitious.
An undated portrait thought to depict Bennelong, signed “W.W.” now in the Dixson Galleries of the State Library of New South Wales.
History has typically depicted Bennelong as a tragic figure lost between two worlds - but sailors' journals suggest he still held authority after his return from the UK.