The majority of those punished under the laws to combat false information are opposition politicians or journalists.
Users do spend some time thinking about whether information is true; the decision to share it (even if it’s fake news) depends on the topic and the type of message.
Researchers found that both Kenyans and South Africans have a broadly negative view of China, possibly amplified by the pandemic.
To rebuild lost trust in the media will require more commitment and effort than just papering over ethical cracks.
As more comes to light about the money-making tactics of social media platforms we need to reevaluate our relationship with them.
Media self-criticism is not just important to improve journalism, it is a political, professional and moral imperative.