The role of the military in toppling authoritarian rulers, after intensive popular protests, raises questions about how the AU's policy against coups should be applied.
There are concerns that the transition to civilian rule in Sudan won't be smooth.
The time for fundamental political reforms in Sudan is now with the end of al-Bashir's rule.
The fact that al-Bashir has been deposed will again raise questions about the former Sudanese president facing trial at the ICC.
Songs provided motivation and guidance to protesters in Sudan during their uprising against Omar al-Bashir.
Al-Bashir's ability to play a skillful combination of internal and external balancing acts, plus ruthless repression and a divided opposition, kept him in power for three decades.
Sudanese protesters against al-Bashir's regime have scored an important victory. But there's a long way to go before democracy is restored.
Sudan's academics have been instrumental in bringing regime change and negotiating transitions.
Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir's long rule can be attributed to three main pillars of support: the military, ruling party and political Islam.
The recent acquittals should be seen as a vindication of the ICC as an independent and impartial judicial institution.
President Emmerson Mnangagwa's decision to double the price of petrol shows very poor judgement and bad leadership.
Given the range of support for President Omar al-Bashir it isn't surprising that he's managed to resist pressure to step down.
It is difficult to see how the EU can allow its key African migration work to be supervised by Eritrea.
An African court with international criminal jurisdiction which has been debated but never been put into operation could be an option if Africa withdraws from the ICC.
The ICC has been criticised for not acting against South Africa after it failed to arrest Sudan's president in 2015. But, the court actually acted sensibly given the challenges it faces.
The world has turned its back on the Nuba people of Sudan. Despite the critical need for food, none of the organisations involved in helping people in dire need have attempted to deliver aid to them.
The ICC has made important advances by investigating cases outside Africa and completing ones that further define what is not allowed in war. South Africa’s withdrawal is concerning, but not fatal.
Arguably Africa's most powerful diplomatic player, South Africa is now backing out of the world's most important mechanism for bringing war criminals to justice.
The South African government's decision to withdraw from the ICC should not be seen in isolation. The African Union has called on its member states to withdraw from the court.
Students at the University of Khartoum are protesting about a secretive plan to move the institution from its historic buildings.