Murdoch Childrens Research Institute

Murdoch Childrens Research Institute discovers ways to prevent and treat conditions affecting babies, children and adolescents, helping them lead happy, healthy lives.

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By the time they turn one, half of Australian babies have had a course of antibiotics. Shutterstock

Antibiotics before birth and in early life can affect long-term health

There may be additional long-term health harms from antibiotic exposure in early life and before birth, including an increased risk of infection, obesity and asthma.
Vaccines have repeatedly been proven not to be associated with autism, yet some parents still have concerns. From shutterstock.com

Kids with autism less likely to be fully vaccinated

Children with autism and their younger siblings could be at increased risk of vaccine-preventable diseases, with new research showing they are under-vaccinated compared to the general population.
Early dental visits are essential to help parents keep their children’s teeth and gums healthy. from shutterstock.com

Child tooth decay is on the rise, but few are brushing their teeth enough or seeing the dentist

The latest poll on children's oral health shows many parents have misconceptions about how to prevent tooth decay in their children and don't know of the free dental services available.
There’s still a lot we don’t know about why more children have food allergies today. from www.shutterstock.com

Can I prevent food allergies in my kids?

Parents are now advised to introduce foods like peanut and egg to infants before one year of age.
A drug needs to pass quite a few hurdles before it gets to the market. The Conversation/Wes Mountain

Explainer: how do drugs get from the point of discovery to the pharmacy shelf?

Only around 10% of new drugs in development make it onto the market. A drug needs to go through animal trials, and then four phases of human trials to be deemed suitable for use in patients.
Randomisation is the only commonly accepted method of ensuring an unbiased estimate of the treatment effect. The Conversation/Wes Mountain

Randomised control trials: what makes them the gold standard in medical research?

A randomised controlled trial is the best way to compare a new treatment with the standard treatment. And randomising trial participants is a core feature of the experiment.
We’re still not really sure whether puberty is starting earlier. from www.shutterstock.com.au

Book review: The New Puberty

A new book on puberty has explored why we find it so difficult to talk about puberty, and why we need to start talking about it earlier.
About 3% of babies are born with birth defects, when there is a problem with how they develop in the womb. from www.shutterstock.com

Why we don’t know what causes most birth defects

We still don't know what's behind four out of every five birth defects. But that can change.
All parents have probably struggled to get their kids to sleep at some point. This is even more difficult when a child has ADHD. from www.shutterstock.com.au

Improving sleep in children with ADHD has some lessons for all parents

Children with ADHD are much more likely than other kids to struggle getting to sleep, and staying asleep. Up to 73% of Australian parents report their child with ADHD has problems sleeping.
It can be a tough time for children going through the physical and emotional changes of puberty. And if they enter puberty early, the health impacts can stay with them for life. from www.shutterstock.com

Poor kids hit puberty sooner and risk a lifetime of health problems

Shape-shifting bodies. Cracking voices. Hairs sprouting in new places. Why do some children enter puberty early?

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