Murdoch Children's Research Institute

Murdoch Childrens Research Institute discovers ways to prevent and treat conditions affecting babies, children and adolescents, helping them lead happy, healthy lives.

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Up to 14% of toddlers have “hypomineralised second primary molars” (HSPM), where the enamel (outer layer) of the second baby molars doesn’t develop properly. plantic/Shutterstock

Why some kids are more prone to dental decay

Despite good oral hygiene, some children have weak teeth that are more prone to decay.
Helicobacter pylori normally infect the stomachs of children where they can stay forever, if undetected. Tatiana Shepeleva/Shutterstock

Explainer: what is Helicobacter pylori?

Around 15% of Australians are infected with this these bugs. Undetected, they can cause stomach ulcers and cancer.
Prison represents only a temporary disruption in tobacco use for many smokers. TeodorLazarev

Why Australian prisoners are smoking nicotine-infused tea leaves

The only quitting tool most Australian prisoners have access to is nicotine lozenges. These are being mixed with tea leaves to create a smokable product known as "teabacco".
By the time they turn one, half of Australian babies have had a course of antibiotics. Shutterstock

Antibiotics before birth and in early life can affect long-term health

There may be additional long-term health harms from antibiotic exposure in early life and before birth, including an increased risk of infection, obesity and asthma.
Not all transgender people will seek health care, but the ones who do need to feel supported. from www.shutterstock.com

Transgender kids get their own health-care guidelines

New guidelines outline language practitioners should use when caring for transgender kids.
Vaccines have repeatedly been proven not to be associated with autism, yet some parents still have concerns. From shutterstock.com

Kids with autism less likely to be fully vaccinated

Children with autism and their younger siblings could be at increased risk of vaccine-preventable diseases, with new research showing they are under-vaccinated compared to the general population.
Early dental visits are essential to help parents keep their children’s teeth and gums healthy. from shutterstock.com

Child tooth decay is on the rise, but few are brushing their teeth enough or seeing the dentist

The latest poll on children's oral health shows many parents have misconceptions about how to prevent tooth decay in their children and don't know of the free dental services available.
There’s still a lot we don’t know about why more children have food allergies today. from www.shutterstock.com

Can I prevent food allergies in my kids?

Parents are now advised to introduce foods like peanut and egg to infants before one year of age.
A drug needs to pass quite a few hurdles before it gets to the market. The Conversation/Wes Mountain

Explainer: how do drugs get from the point of discovery to the pharmacy shelf?

Only around 10% of new drugs in development make it onto the market. A drug needs to go through animal trials, and then four phases of human trials to be deemed suitable for use in patients.
Randomisation is the only commonly accepted method of ensuring an unbiased estimate of the treatment effect. The Conversation/Wes Mountain

Randomised control trials: what makes them the gold standard in medical research?

A randomised controlled trial is the best way to compare a new treatment with the standard treatment. And randomising trial participants is a core feature of the experiment.
We’re still not really sure whether puberty is starting earlier. from www.shutterstock.com.au

Book review: The New Puberty

A new book on puberty has explored why we find it so difficult to talk about puberty, and why we need to start talking about it earlier.

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