A drug needs to pass quite a few hurdles before it gets to the market.
The Conversation/Wes Mountain
Only around 10% of new drugs in development make it onto the market. A drug needs to go through animal trials, and then four phases of human trials to be deemed suitable for use in patients.
Randomisation is the only commonly accepted method of ensuring an unbiased estimate of the treatment effect.
The Conversation/Wes Mountain
A randomised controlled trial is the best way to compare a new treatment with the standard treatment. And randomising trial participants is a core feature of the experiment.
No, you can’t blame (most) tooth decay on your parents. But for crooked teeth, the story’s a little more complicated.
Can you blame bad teeth on your genes? Here's why the answer is not as simple as you might think.
Altering the genomes of embryonic cells is illegal in Australia.
A landmark study in the UK discovered the gene that allows cells to form into embryos. If Australian researchers attempted this they could go to jail for 15 years.
We’re still not really sure whether puberty is starting earlier.
A new book on puberty has explored why we find it so difficult to talk about puberty, and why we need to start talking about it earlier.
If you were destined for dementia in your 60s, but there was nothing you could do about it, would you want to know?
A test of all your genes for disease risk is not yet the precision diagnostic and treatment tool we hope it will one day be.
About 3% of babies are born with birth defects, when there is a problem with how they develop in the womb.
We still don't know what's behind four out of every five birth defects. But that can change.
All parents have probably struggled to get their kids to sleep at some point. This is even more difficult when a child has ADHD.
Children with ADHD are much more likely than other kids to struggle getting to sleep, and staying asleep. Up to 73% of Australian parents report their child with ADHD has problems sleeping.
It can be a tough time for children going through the physical and emotional changes of puberty. And if they enter puberty early, the health impacts can stay with them for life.
Shape-shifting bodies. Cracking voices. Hairs sprouting in new places. Why do some children enter puberty early?
By committing ourselves to understanding how interventions work on the ground, we have the opportunity to save the millions who die unnecessarily each and every year.
A twins study shows that children born via IVF have similar epigenetic changes compared with those born naturally.
The NDIS is designed to provide personalised support to all Australians with a disability.
By excluding prisoners from the NDIS, the federal government is discriminating against prisoners with a disability in direct contravention of our international human rights obligations.
For some parents, the decision to vaccinate requires more than just objective evidence.
Whilst most parents do vaccinate, health professionals often find it difficult to talk with those who are hesitant or decline. A new resource provides information and communication support.
The belief that all women feel nervous during pregnancy may mean women don’t seek help when it’s more serious.
Depression and anxiety during pregnancy are only recently gaining attention. But seeking help early can make a big difference for expecting mothers – and for their children and families.
Researchers have identified a specific difference shared by most (but not all) brains of people who had autism.
One of the big questions in autism research is whether autism is a single disorder or many different disorders that happen to present in the same way.
Children living in tropical countries and in poverty often have high rates of infection with the scabies mite.
Although a drug of known safety and efficacy is available, scabies still affects more than 100 million people across the world.
Up to one in ten infants have a proven food allergy.
New research published today shows the early introduction of egg (from four to six months) and peanuts (from four to 11 months) is linked to lower rates of egg and peanut allergy.
Two-thirds of children have already received antibiotics by the time they are one year old.
If you have a ten-month-old baby, what do you need to know? What do you need to ask your GP about the benefits and risks of antibiotics?
Night terrors and nightmares are very different things and need to be managed differently.
Before we can understand night terrors and nightmares, we need to understand normal sleep.
Parents of very preterm infants are at far higher risk of depression and anxiety than parents of healthy full-term babies.
Reuters/Carlos Garcia Rawlins
A new baby is life-changing for all parents, but for those whose babies are born too early, the challenges can be immense.