National Institute for Communicable Diseases

The National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) is the national public health insitute for South Africa. It provides reference microbiology,virology,epidemiology, surveillance and public health research to support the government’s response to communicable disease threats.

The NICD is organised into functional Centres, bringing together expertise in both reference microbiology and epidemiology to enable an intergrated public health response to communicable disease threats.

The NICD primarily supports the programmes of the National and Provincial Departments of Health. As well as national support, the NICD also provides public health services such as collaborating laboratory or regional reference laboratory functions for global programmes of the World Health Organisation (WHO)

The NICD has established co-operatives agreements with partner national public health institutions such as the Center for Disease Control (CDC) and NIH/NIAID of the USA, the European Centre for Disease Control (ECDC) and the Health Protection Agency (HPA) of the United Kingdom, as well as other internationally recognised public health insitutions.

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Three species of immature mosquito: the common house mosquito, and the malaria vectors An. arabiensis and An. funestus. Supplied

How higher temperatures and pollution are affecting mosquitoes

Researchers are only beginning to understand the impact of pollution and increased temperatures on the biology of mosquitoes.

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