Despite many attempts, the Kurds have never won and kept their own nation -- though, after World War I, they came close.
Since the 1940s, Congress has largely let the president make decisions, while members of the House and Senate endorse or condemn those actions from the sidelines.
The US has 50 nuclear bombs stored in Turkey. As tensions rise between the two countries, a look at how they got there and what might happen next.
Almost 4 million Syrian refugees live in Turkey, which has taken noteworthy steps to integrate them into the country in the past five years. Will Turkey now try to force those refugees back to Syria?
With so much politics at play, Turkey is likely to be in Syria for a long time to come – and the real winner from it all is likely to be the Assad government.
Why NATO has lost its leverage to do anything about Turkey's offensive in northern Syria.
Turkey is threatening to send 3.6 million refugees back to the Syrian territory it just invaded. Deporting these vulnerable people would make them the collateral damage of a chaotic, many-sided war.
By burying the Kurdish conflict, Turkey has made it that much more difficult to resolve.
Russia left as the main power broker as the Turkish invasion of northeastern Syria continues.
Kurdish women have fought on the front lines of military battles since the 19th century. A scholar explains the origins of Kurdistan's relative gender equality in a mostly conservative Muslim region.
The Turkish offensive in northern Syria not only threatens international security, but destroys hope for a democratic alternative in the Middle East.
Why the US decision to withdraw troops from northern Syria is so dangerous.
After years of tensions over northern Syria, the US and Turkey have agreed to establish safe zones. Why now?
Why did negotiations between the Turkish state and the Kurds, aimed at mitigating ethnic conflict and bringing about peace, fail in Turkey?
The last adult is leaving the White House after a shock decision by the president to pull troops out of Syria.
Turkey's close relationship with the US dates back to the Cold War. But after the June election there put nationalists into a position of power in the government, that alliance could turn rocky.
Turkey's snap election is on Sunday. One fact is clear: The candidates and electorate are both nationalist and pious. That's in contrast to the strict secularism of 20th century politics.
The Syrian conflict is a war of many sides. Here's a rundown of the key players.
Kurdish female fighters are on the front lines of conflicts in Turkey, Syria and Iraq, and they bring their particular brand of radical feminism with them.
Even if Syria's armed conflict is somehow resolved, new proxy conflicts between regional actors are emerging on the country's soil.