Painting from El Castillo cave (Cantabria, Spain). Early Upper Palaeolithic or older.
Photo Becky Harrison and courtesy Gobierno de Cantabria.
Figurative art may derive from Neanderthal hand prints and the hunter's keen eye for perceiving animals.
It's time we changed our stereotype of the brutish, thuggish Neanderthals, and instead start viewing them with the respect they really deserve.
Researchers work on the archaeological site in Spain, known as Porto Maior, where the tool deposits were found.
Eduardo Méndez Quintas
New tools add to an emerging view of the past as a turbulent “Game of Thrones” style scenario, with distinct early human ancestors living in Eurasia before Homo sapiens arrived.
Neanderthals, rather than modern humans, created the world's oldest cave paintings.
The first British people were black – and other interesting findings made possible by genomic sequencing.
Fossilized teeth from a modern human who lived in Israel close to 200,000 years ago.
Israel Hershkovitz, Tel Aviv University
New discoveries are changing archaeologists' ideas about the origins of our own species and our migration out of Africa. This fossil pushes Homo sapiens' African exodus date back by 50,000 years.
Ritual feasting emerged around the time humans were beginning to farm. It came to play an important role in societal bonding, much as it does today.
Charles Darwin, who first advanced the theory of evolution, to the chagrin of creationists everywhere.
Rather than castigate those who deny evolution, it is more useful to consider their arguments to help science explain it better
Upper jaw of Paranthropus robustus, which lived 1.2-1.8m years ago.
Diet and disease leave characteristic marks on our teeth which can reman for millions of years.
Lost Mountain Studio via Shutterstock
The early human 'Cockney pearly kings and queens'.
Our cells have a built-in genetic clock, tracking time… but how accurately?
Stopwatch image via www.shutterstock.com.
How do scientists figure out when evolutionary events – like species splitting away from a common ancestor – happened? It turns out our DNA is a kind of molecular clock, keeping time via genetic changes.
Homo neanderthalensis reconstruction.
Matteo De Stefano/MUSE Science ms
A new study estimates the nutritional value of human flesh and challenges the belief that prehistoric humans engaged in cannibalism just to fill their stomachs.
Dental calculus deposits show this Neadertal was eating poplar, a source of aspirin, and moulded vegetation including Penicillium fungus, source of a natural antibiotic.
Paleoanthropology Group MNCN-CSIC
Neanderthals had a very varied diet based on what foods were available to them where they lived. They also knew what to eat when they were sick.
How our ancestors ate could explain why today’s humans are mostly right-handed.
The way early humans learned to handle food could explain why the majority of people today are right handed.
La Cotte de St Brelade during excavation.
Excavations have shown that early humans were frequent visitors to the same coastal area over tens of thousands of years.
Bonobos are separated from chimpanzees by the River Congo, but they share more genes than we thought.
The two species mated 500,000 years ago, leaving a genetic mark to this day. This knowledge could help save them from extinction.
Aubrey Lynch, elder from the Wongatha Aboriginal language group, participated in one of the studies.
Preben Hjort, Mayday Film.
New research into how early humans spread across the world settles several long-running debates.
The annual ‘Living Landscapes’ procession is aimed at raising awareness of the Cedarberg’s KhoiSan cultural heritage.
Human population groups worldwide are highly homogeneous genetically. They are in fact 99.5% similar and their anatomical features vary in an uncorrelated fashion over the landscape.
A family migrating to western US in 1886.
Humans evolved in Africa, spread across the world, and then it gets messy. Luckily advances in genetic sequencing have helped us track the complex history of human migration.
Artist’s reconstruction of a Red Deer Cave man.
A new study is rewriting our understanding of archaic humans and how they may have interacted with early humans.