FW de Klerk, the last president of apartheid South Africa.
In his new capacity as President of South Africa, FW de Klerk directly experienced for the first time how the international community had abandoned its support for minority white rule.
The Berlin Wall in October 1988.
East Germans feel alienated and powerless. They see themselves as second-class citizens, while outsiders live high on what is rightfully theirs.
When the wall fell – education equality did too.
Remnants of the Berlin Wall, 2019.
Berlin’s rapid transformation is proof that cities can overcome conflict – but the fight against injustice doesn’t end there.
Artwork and historic footage are projected on to Berlin’s Stasi Museum as part of the 30th anniversary commemorations.
The decision to move the Stasi files into the German national archive has sparked debate of how memories of life before reunification should be handled.
‘East German or West German?’
The collapse of the East German economy following unification has combined with racism and neoliberalism to feed far right support.
NBC Berlin correspondent Piers Anderton inside the tunnel during the network’s 1962 escape project.
Special Collections & University Archives, University of Maryland
A media historian uses declassified government documents to show how both sides of the Iron Curtain worked to have the projects canned.
The Berlin Wall symbolised the Cold War divide between the capitalist West and communist Soviet Union.
Marking the end of the Cold War offers the chance to reflect on the changes and continuities in African politics and international relations since 1989.
When the Wall came down: Berlin 1989.
Young people from both East and West Germany congregated in nightclubs which were hastily thrown up in the spaces where the Wall had dominated.
Yann Forget/Wikimedia Commons
In 1989, Francis Fukuyama pronounced that history had ended. How wrong he was.
Germans celebrate the opening of the Berlin Wall in November 1989.
It would be easy to assume that outbreaks of extreme-right groups in the former east are a legacy of its communist past, but the idea does not bear scrutiny.
Antietam National Battlefield, Maryland, site of a savage Civil War battle on Sept. 17, 1862.
Protected from development, natural landscapes worldwide are emerging from the violence of war.
A photograph taken by Stasi operatives of suspected defectors at an abandoned restaurant in Kreuzberg, Berlin, in 1962.
Stasi Records Agency Berlin/Bild
30 years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, covert surveillance images offer us an unparalleled look at the lives of people trying to escape from the east to the west.
An employee watches a bank of TV’s broadcasting a news report on a Hanoi summit between North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and U.S. President Donald Trump, in Seoul, South Korea, Feb. 28, 2019.
Without its communist Soviet-style economy, North Korea would just be South Korea.
Berlin Wall, 1988. The fall of the Berlin Wall signifies the end of the Cold War and the victory of liberal democratic values.
Though the fall of the Berlin Wall did not bring along the utopia many had hoped for, it is a symbolic moment for the victors of the Cold War.
A rally of right-wing protestors in Chemnitz, eastern Germany, in early September.
In the mid-1980s Germany was wracked by a toxic ‘Asyldebatte’ that bears similarities to what’s happening today.
Toni Kroos is the only East German on the German national soccer team.
AP Photo/Martin Meissner
Made up almost entirely of West Germans, the roster of Germany’s national soccer team reflects divisions that remain almost 30 years after the fall of the Berlin Wall.
The socialist traffic symbol Ampelmann, seen here in Berlin, constitutes an international brand empire. In the age of mass consumerism, what’s behind a nostalgia for socialist symbols and the sugarcoating of socialist regimes?
In the age of rampant consumerism, there is nonetheless an odd nostalgia for socialist regimes and symbols. What does it mean?
Bablyon Berlin recreates the wild nightlife of 1929 in Germany.
Screenshot from Youtube
At a time when young people across the West are increasingly sceptical about liberal democracy, the Netflix series Babylon Berlin reminds us of the lessons to be learnt from the history of the Weimar Republic.
Ukrainians mark the first anniversary of the Orange Revolution in 2005.
South Africa’s governing party is invoking concepts and emulating strategies first developed by authoritarian regimes in Eurasia.