A court long known for its landmark decisions expanding civil rights is now known for highly conservative rulings reining in government power.
As the nation approaches the 70-year anniversary of Brown vs. Board of Education, an education professor lays out the state of school segregation in America.
As a powerful branch of government, the Supreme Court has enormous power over public policy only if defendants comply with its rulings.
What’s at stake when Americans lose faith in the legitimacy of the Supreme Court?
When Rosa Parks was arrested for sitting in the front of a bus in Montgomery, Fred Gray was her lawyer. Now he’s being honored for a lifetime of civil rights advocacy.
The effort to give every student equal access to an education has lasted decades and may need even more time before the goal is reached.
Though the 1954 Brown v. Board ruling required the integration of public education, US schools remain separated by race.
In the early 1960s, the McDonogh 19 school was the site of fierce opposition to racial integration. The building is now owned by one of the Black girls who first integrated the school.
Local control over school funding leads to uneven resources between districts, two legal scholars maintain.
Despite widespread black poverty caused by unemployment, progress has been made towards the goal of a racially equal society.
Brown v. Board didn’t overrule ‘separate-but-equal’ but it had that end. A law scholar explains how there is a lesson there for conservatives on today’s Court looking to end abortion in the US.
Americans’ collective memory of school desegregation involves crowds of screaming white protesters. But less well known are the whites who stood by quietly, and those who approved of the changes.
Two scholars of inclusive education explain how segregated Black schools advocated for Black children in a way that’s often missing from today’s desegregated classrooms.
In the 1950s, Harlem mother Mae Mallory fought a school system that she saw as ‘just as Jim Crow’ as the one she had attended in the South.
Is the public education that Ruby Bridges fought to integrate a relic of the past?
The US has a long history of forced sterilization campaigns that were driven by the bogus ‘science’ of eugenics, racism and sexism.
School integration is often thought of as something that took place in the 1960s. But the first Black student to desegregate a school by court order was an Iowa girl named Susan Clark in 1868.
When the Supreme Court exempted suburbs in the North from the kind of desegregation orders imposed in the South, it enabled the ‘de facto’ segregation that continues in America’s schools to this day.
Municipal swimming pools flourished in the 20th century. But too often, their success was based on the exclusion of African Americans.
While the Brown vs. Board of Education case is often celebrated for ordering school desegregation, history shows many black people in the city where the case began opposed integrated schools.