Although xylazine is not an opioid, naloxone can reverse the effects of the fentanyl and heroin it is often mixed with.
AP Photo/Jae C. Hong
Xylazine, or tranq, is increasingly being mixed with drugs like fentanyl or heroin and can be difficult to detect. Most people who use drugs are unable to tell if they have been exposed to it.
Two neurologists report on the rising cases of paralysis due to nitrous oxide abuse they have encountered in recent times.
Looters grab items from a vandalised mall in South Africa.
Photo by Marco Longari/AFP via Getty Images
South Africa can’t possibly remain the same country in the aftermath of this mayhem. There are just too many storms ahead to simply continue unchanged.
Increasing poverty is forcing more women to become farmers in Adamawa State.
Drug abuse among women farmers in Adamawa State, north east Nigeria, is rising.
How we talk to — and talk about — people who use substances is often pathologizing and hurtful.
The words we choose to talk to and talk about individuals who use substances are critical, as they contribute to how drug policy, substance use treatment and societal understanding are framed.
During Mental Health Week, let’s look at why some people, such as those experiencing depression or substance dependency, struggle to make decisions like everyone else.
A pharmacy store in Ogun State, southwest Nigeria.
Photo by Pius Utomi Ekpei /AFP via Getty Images
For many reasons, drug users are shifting from the use of conventional psychoactive drugs such as cannabis, cocaine and heroin to pharmaceutical drugs for non-medical purposes.
OxyContin is an opioid prescribed for pain relief. But some users become addicted.
Getty Images / Marie Hickman
The crisis has made recovery more difficult for those with substance use disorders. The inability to get to support group meetings, stress and illness are just some of the factors.
Syringe and cooked heroin.
Most Kenyan women were introduced into drug use by male sexual partners in their teenage years.
Advice from the people who’ve reviewed all the latest evidence about the effectiveness of these painkillers.
When newborns stay with their opioid-dependent mothers in hospital, they experience improved mother-infant bonding, greater chances of breastfeeding, less severe symptoms, less medication and much shorter hospital stays.
The evidence is clear that newborn babies do better when they ‘room-in’ with their opioid-dependent mothers. So why are hospitals across Canada so slow to provide this recognized standard of care?
Regional deprivation is causing thousands of northerners – especially men – to die young each year.
When adolescents develop stress from trauma and a reliance on drugs or alcohol, both conditions maintain and exacerbate the other.
Some 80% of young people will experience a traumatic event by the time they become an adult. Here’s how teachers and parents can support them.
In Indonesia, sending drug users to prison only creates more problems, from overcrowding to bigger exposures to drug abuse.
The government needs to revisit its punitive approach to drug users and stop sending them to prison to avoid overcrowding.
Glues, paints, spray deodorants and fuels are all abused for their psychoactive effects.
In alcohol or drug rehabilitation, much of the day is spent in either group or individual therapy.
There are many good private alcohol and drug treatment providers, but lack of regulation means some unethical practices are being uncovered. Here’s what you should know about treatment.
The research shows that barring people with a history of drug offences from public housing won’t reduce the risks of harm as NSW minister Pru Goward argues.
The evidence is clear on the sort of support that is needed to reduce the harms of drug use. A punitive approach that denies people a second chance makes it more likely they will reoffend.
Many women are released from prison with untreated mental and physical health problems, and no access to a doctor. In pain, they seek solace in illicit drugs. Pictured here, women mourn those who have died of drug overdose in the Downtown Eastside of Vancouver, B.C.
(THE CANADIAN PRESS/Darryl Dyck)
A staggering 70 per cent of female inmates are back in prison within two years of their release. Basic health and dental care could help change this, according to new research.
Has D.A.R.E. moved beyond the “just say no” days of the ‘80’s and '90’s?
AP Photo/Nick Ut
Jeff Sessions was met with considerable skepticism when he announced his desire to revive D.A.R.E. But it turns out that the current program is nothing like the ineffective D.A.R.E. of the ‘80’s and '90’s.
Generally, people under 40 have reported a decrease in recent illicit drug usage since 2001, while people 40 or older have reported an increase in recent years.
AAP Image/Paul Miller
The proportion of population who use legal and illegal drugs has remained stable or trended down. Fewer young people are using, but the proportion of older people using drugs and alcohol has grown.