Healthcare worker, Boitsholo Mfolo, inside the digital x-ray truck at one of Africa Health Research Institute’s mobile screening camps in rural KwaZulu Natal, South Africa.
Samora Chapman/ Africa Health Research Institute
South Africa needs a public health response that expands the successes of the country’s HIV testing and treatment programme to provide care for multiple diseases.
Many South Africans live in poor conditions with no access to running water.
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Harsh socio-environmental factors, especially when they happen in the early years of a child’s life, can establish a developmental “biology of misfortune”.
Diabetes is a leading cause of death in the country.
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In 2019, 89,834 people died of diabetes. This number exceeds the capacity of Soccer City, the biggest football stadium in South Africa.
Scientist Kafayat Falana testing the viability of cowpea germinated seeds in a laboratory in Ibadan, southwest Nigeria.
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What’s needed is a prioritisation of the health and medicinal values of the food that’s consumed in African countries.
Governments must take urgent action to prevent noncommunicable diseases from becoming an uncontrollable epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. Sugar-sweetened beverage taxation offers a potential solution.
Appropriately designed taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages would result in proportional reductions in consumption.
Without reliable, local and timely data, countries will miss the potential of sugar-sweetened beverage taxation as a public health intervention.
Rwanda’s food policies focus on production to make sure people have livelihoods and enough nutritious food. Not much attention is given to overnutrition.
Tension between the government’s economic and public health priorities is preventing stronger fiscal measures to address nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases.
The consumption of a lot of soft drinks is linked to increased obesity.
Between 2018 and 2019 Kenya registered a 30% spike in sugar production and an increase in sugar consumption.
The competing interests of economic growth and public health aren’t being managed well.
Implementing a sugar-sweetened beverage tax in all African countries will require sufficient political will and support from civil society.
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The results are in: South Africa’s ground-breaking health promotion levy, introduced in 2018, is working.
Ultra-processed foods and sugary drinks contribute to rising rates of obesity.
A disruption of societal norms created by industry interference is urgently required to create a shift in the food system.
The workplace can make a big contribution to behaviour change.
Workplace-based interventions could make a substantial contribution to reducing the burden of noncommunicable diseases in the country.
Cardiovascular risk factors are high in Sierra Leone.
Cardiovascular risk factors like diabetes and hypertension are preventable or relatively easy to treat with inexpensive medication.
Interventions using apps show promise as they could improve care for patients with chronic conditions. But patients can’t benefit from innovations unless they accept them and use them effectively.
People exercising in Ellis Park in Johannesburg, South Africa.
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South Africa faces high levels of noncommunicable diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. The NHI is likely to battle to cope with treating large numbers of sick people.
Two thirds of South African women are overweight or obese and their babies are three times more likely to become obese themselves.
A public health worker takes details from a man volunteering to be tested for COVID-19 in the bustling Kawangware market in Nairobi.
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As COVID-19 cases continue to increase in Kenya, there is a looming threat for escalated disease and death due to the many people with chronic conditions.
Cardiac rehabilitation is not available in many African countries and the way forward may be to focus on patients rather than specific diseases.
Ageing increases the risk of non-communicable diseases.
Rapid population ageing has prompted researchers to study disease trends in older South Africans. The aim is to understand the role that specific health conditions play in ageing among rural people.