Lush moss beds in East Antarctica’s Windmill Islands.
Mosses are the only plants that can withstand life in East Antarctica's frozen landscape. But a new study shows that life is getting even harder, as ozone loss and climate change make conditions even drier.
Most people will never visit Antarctica but music can evoke the continent in myriad ways.
Photo: Meredith Nash
Scientific research into the effects of climate change in Antarctica - and its history of intrepid exploration - is inspiring contemporary Australian composers.
In contrast to common perceptions, Antarctic seafloor communities are highly diverse. This image shows a deep East Antarctic reef with plenty of corals, sponges and brittlestars. Can you spot the octopus?
Australian Antarctic Division
Life on the Antarctic seafloor is surprisingly diverse – and half of the species live nowhere else on Earth. Now scientists can accurately map this unique biodiversity.
PM-3A McMurdo Station, Antarctica.
US Army Engineer Research and Development Labs - United States Antarctic Program, Antarctic Photo Library
For just ten years Antarctica was home to a nuclear power station called "Nukey Poo".
Southern bull kelp can drift huge distances before washing ashore.
A chance discovery of some kelp that floated for 20,000km before washing up on an Antarctic beach has opened up a new chapter in our understanding of the currents that swirl around the Southern Ocean.
Preliminary results of a study have shown microplastics have reached in a newly revealed Antarctic environment.
Under the terms of the current treaty all commercial mining is forbidden, but rumblings of discontent are stirring beneath the ice.
As the West Antarctic Ice Sheet melts, the land beneath rebounds – at a faster rate than thought.
Scientists have found that the bedrock underneath the West Antarctica Ice Sheet has the potential to rebound in response to melting faster than thought, which could act to stabilize the ice.
As the world prevaricates over climate action, Antarctica’s future is shrouded in uncertainty.
Hamish Pritchard/British Antarctic Survey
What will Antarctica look like in 2070? Will the icy wilderness we know today survive, or will it succumb to climate change and human pressure? Our choices over the coming decade will seal its fate.
Without floating sea ice, climate-weakened ice shelves are wide open to attack by waves.
AAP Image/Caroline Berdon
Since 1995, several ice shelves off the Antarctic Peninsula have abruptly disintegrated. A new analysis suggests that these events are triggered when ice shelves lose their buffer of floating ice.
The northeast edge of the Venable Ice Shelf, near Antarctica’s Allison Peninsula.
Last summer one of Antarctica's floating ice shelves calved an iceberg the size of Delaware – but scientists say other less dramatic changes reveal more about how and why Antarctica is changing.
Christian Wilkinson / shutterstock
We used 11 different satellite missions to track Antarctica’s contribution to rising sea levels.
The Homeward Bound initiative works with women in science to enhance their opportunity to take up leadership roles globally.
This year 77 women took part in the largest all-female expedition to Antarctica as part of a leadership training program. Rough weather enroute put group decision-making skills to the test.
A life-like reconstruction of
Llanocetus denticrenatus, the second oldest “baleen” whale ever found.
Baleen whales are some of the least likely mammals, supporting their massive bodies by filtering tiny prey. New evidence from an ancient fossil sheds new light on how baleen evolved.
Harvepino / shutterstock
'Ridge A' sits at the peak of the Antarctic ice sheet and has exceptionally cold, dry, thin and dark skies.
The team used hot-water drilling gear to melt a hole through Antarctica’s Ross Ice Shelf to explore the ocean below.
An international team has melted a hole through Antarctica's largest ice shelf to explore the hidden ocean below, and the shelf's vulnerability to climate change.
The ever changing Antarctic landscape.
Australia must keep up its scientific presence in Antarctica and work with others if it's to maintain its territorial claim on the frozen continent.
Luis Lamar / BBC NHU
Few fish can survive in these freezing waters, so invertebrates are the dominant predators.
An Antarctic icebreaker sails past a penguin. But conservationists are still waiting for their own breakthrough.
John B. Weller
Australia is among nations calling for a 1 million square km marine park off East Antarctica. But Russia and China remain opposed, and a recent summit yet again failed to seal the deal.
Warm waters run very deep.