South Africa has been slow to adopt renewable energy sources. One option, which has proved successful elsewhere, would be to install solar photovoltaic panels on rooftops in low-income areas.
South Africa has plans to build new power stations despite many calling for no nuclear energy in the country.
Renewable energy programmes in South Africa need stronger policies to ensure that communities benefit.
Shifting South Africa's economy from energy intensive sectors to those with lower energy consumption will take more time, and even more funding. But the impact will be more permanent and sustainable.
South Africa has won global recognition for its renewable energy programme, but will it succeed in balancing the demands of financial and commercial soundness, and the transformation agenda?