Ivory was a major talking point at the CITES CoP17 conference.Many feel the ban on trade doesn't work while others believe the ban is the only way to save the iconic species.
In the absence of trading ivory, other solutions have to be found to fund conservation and support communities living on the front line of the battle against poaching.
Historical evidence shows African elephants are endangered by the ivory trade, despite any attempt at regulating the market. A total ban is the only hope for the world's largest living land animal.
The ivory trade is a very contentious issue and will be debated at CITES. It will revolve around maintaining or lifting the ban on trade. But the human element is likely to be ignored.
Rhino horn trade is a hotly contested topic. Proponents believe it can aid conservation efforts. But those in opposition believe it will cause poaching to increase.
Southern African nations are seeking permission to trade in ivory, in direct opposition to the wishes of their northern neighbours.
South Sudan is a country where conflict is rife. This has had a knock-on effect on the country's rich and varied fauna, and put conservation programmes in severe crisis.
EU officials argue that while the ban on ivory trade is right for some countries, it shouldn't be all-encompassing. It has called on African range states to reach agreement on the issue.
The birds' brightly coloured beaks are worth more than elephant tusks.
People arguing that a ban on mammoth ivory would help save elephants from extinction are wrong. Here's why.
Using DNA testing, researchers find that most elephant poaching is happening in two spots – crucial information to stopping the flow of ivory out of Africa.