‘Early Days.’ Detail of Frank Happersberger’s pioneer monument, San Francisco, California, 1894. Photo by Lisa Allen.
Many cities are removing their Confederate statues. But pioneer monuments represent a racist past, too. There are at least 200 of them, and their future is now being debated.
A Confederate statue lies on a pallet in a warehouse in Durham, North Carolina after protesters toppled and defaced it.
AP Photo/Allen Breed
Over the course of human history, symbols and monuments have invoked violent impulses and destruction.
Aboriginal dancers from Pinjarra perform at the unveiling of the counter-memorial in Esplanade Park, Fremantle, April 9 1994.
Courtesy Bruce Scates
A Fremantle monument to three white explorers was revised in 1994 to acknowledge the violence committed against Indigenous owners. As Australia struggles to reconcile its racist past, perhaps this monument shows a way forward.
A Confederate memorial to Jefferson Davis and Robert E Lee in Georgia.
In defending white nationalists in Charlottesville, Donald Trump took aim at the founding fathers.
Displaying Confederate statues in a carefully curated museum would help end a toxic debate about the difference between remembering and venerating.
Did Trump’s rhetoric played a part in radicalizing the far-right protesters in Charlottesville?
AP Photo/Steve Helber
Trump is a master of using anger to motivate his base. An anti-terrorism researcher explains how to stem the tide.
The Robert E. Lee statue for which the ‘Unite the Right’ rally was organized to protest its removal in Charlottesville, Virginia.
The violence sparked by the removal of Confederate statues in the US shows the ideas that collect around historical monuments. Sometimes it's better to remove them; yet they can be an important way of remembering trauma.
Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard is removed from the entrance to City Park in New Orleans.
A scholar of southern politics finds inspiration in an unexpected place.
A statue of Confederate General Robert E. Lee is removed on Friday, May 19, 2017, from Lee Circle in New Orleans.
AP Photo/Scott Threlkeld
Monuments to the Confederacy in New Orleans and many other cities are problematic. But a mere erasure will not address the issues around racism and racial inequality.