CSIRO has contributed to surprising discoveries in climate science. Pictured here is the research ship RV Investigator.
AAP Image/University of Tasmania
CSIRO's climate science has contributed a number of important, and unexpected, findings.
Pencil pines are found nowhere else in the world, and are extremely sensitive to fire.
Bushfires are threatening Tasmania's World Heritage area and ancient plants, warning us of a possible future under climate change.
Rural southern Australia has been drying out over the past several decades. Pictured here, Burra in South Australia.
Australia is the land of drought of flooding rains, driven by events such as El Nino. But despite this variability, some parts of Australia are clearly drying out.
An industrial pulp-wood plantation in Sumatra, Indonesia.
From drought to economic slowdown, 2016 promises a mixed bag for the world's forests.
Maize is a staple food in South Africa. Its production is likely to decline by half this year due to drought. The poor will be the hardest hit.
South Africa has been hit by a severe drought and will not be able to produce enough maize - its staple food - in 2016. This will prompt a rise in imports and therefore food prices.
A hot end of the year contributed to Christmas Day fires in Victoria.
AAP Image/Keith Pakenham
El Niño dominated global climate in 2015, but in Australia the story was more complicated. 2015 was Australia's fifth warmest year on record, and saw the return of very dry conditions to parts of Australia.
Despite a decade of drought and declining rainfall in parts of Australia, there’s still plenty of water to go around.
Maroondah reservoir from www.shutterstock.com
The Millennium Drought ended more than five years ago, but several years of below-average rainfall and El Niño have brought drought back to many parts of Australia. Our latest report on water in Australia shows rainfall is continuing to decline in eastern Australia and increase in the north.
Drought in southern Australia in 2015.
AAP Image/Jamie Duncan
The Millennium Drought was bad, but the most detailed record of droughts since 1500 reveals there were far more severe super-droughts in the past.
Mick Tsikas / EPA
Environmental factors are important, but we must not ignore history and politics.
A lone cow stands next to a dried up river in South Africa.
The water crisis in South Africa could have been avoided through better planning.
A farmer sitting on a water tank he uses to supply his livestock.
The current drought in southern Africa is as a result of a powerful El Niño event. Better planning and forecasting could help mitigate the effects.
Ghost gums: dieback on Jindabyne Road.
Tim the Yowie Man
2,000 square km of forest have dropped dead in New South Wales, indicating big changes to the environment.
When the Indian Ocean combines with El Niño dry conditions come to Australia.
Drought images from www.shutterstock.com
We thought the big El Niño might not bring drought. And then the climate turned dry. And hot.
New surveys show Australians don’t mind if the water coming from their tap is recycled.
Tap image from www.shutterstock.com
Would you drink recycled water? New surveys suggest Australians concerned about water shortages are ready for alternative sources.
Drought is a quintessentially Australian experience, yet many of us don’t properly know how they form.
AAP Image/Caroline Duncan
High temperatures make droughts worse, right? Wrong: it's the other way around. Ahead of an El Niño summer that looks set to bring drought to much of Australia, here's a quick primer on how they form.
Raging – and costly.
US National Parks Service
Federal agencies pay much of the cost to fight forest fires, which means taxpayers are subsidizing the risky practice of building more homes at the wildland-urban interface.
Comparison of Sierra Nevada snowpack in 2015 v 2010.
According to scientists, tree-ring analysis shows that California drought is the worst it has been in 500 years.The study underscores the severity of current drought and the challenges of future water management in the state.
Coming to a forest near you?
A huge El Niño on the horizon bodes ill for drought and forest fire.
Storm clouds for California?
El Niño explained: how it works, what a mega El Niño this year could bring and how global warming might affect future El Niño-driven weather patterns.
Storms coming? El Niño is projected to lead to much-needed rain in California next year.
El Niño is expected to bring heavy rains to drought-stricken California, but more rain alone won't solve the West's water crisis.