After the most recent elections, Catalonia's secessionist coalition is free to form a government. But their president is still exiled in Belgium.
The single biggest party was anti-independence but together, the pro-independence bloc is stronger.
Barcelona has become the test case for separatists Europe over.
After declaring independence, regional leaders stand accused of rebellion, sedition and embezzlement. But what does that mean?
An ousted leader, a divided electorate and the risk of further violence pile on the tension ahead of the December vote.
Move by the senate in Madrid came just after the Catalan parliament voted for independence.
After threatening to declare independence, Carles Puigdemont has stepped back from the brink. But that has caused confusion.
The potential for more violence is clear unless the two sides can be brought to the negotiating table as soon as possible.
Why did the Spanish state forcefully quash Catalonia’s referendum for independence? It is rooted in the country’s nearly 40-year dictatorship and its transition to democracy.
The referendum that wasn't a referendum can't have a winner.
The Madrid government is doing everything it can to stop the planned October 1 referendum from happening.
After two elections and months of deadlock, a minority administration has been agreed. But the situation is far from stable.
With two votes failing to produce a government, caretaker PM Mariano Rajoy is running out of options.
More than two months after the election, Spanish politicians still can't provide the people with the government they demanded.