In each survey or census, people are asked to identify if they are Indigenous.
What may appear to be slow progress or steady outcomes for the whole Indigenous population may be masking worsening results.
A remote community in the Cape York region of Queensland.
Decent housing underpins the Closing the Gap goals, with a decade-long national remote housing program having made measurable progress. If the Commonwealth pulls out now, hard-won gains could be lost.
Michelle Grattan sits down with Deep Saini to review the week in politics.
More Indigenous students are finishing year 12, but dropout rates at university are still higher.
A greater focus on education in all aspects of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander life would advance tangible and sustainable change.
The Closing the Gap targets miss out on other aspects of economic well-being.
Australia is on track to meet its 'Closing the Gap' employment target, but more than a decade late.
The targets relating to Year 12 attainment, preschool enrolment, and childhood mortality are on track to be closed, according to the 2018 Closing the Gap report.
Care needs to be taken in interpreting progress on closing the gaps between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, and ascribing it to actual policy change.
Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull leaving during the Closing the Gap breakfast last week.
The failed and continually failing political leadership on respect, relationships and reconciliation sets the quality of current and future education back for all Australians.
While death rates from heart and kidney disease have dropped among Indigenous people, death rates from cancer are on the rise.
Politicians make sweeping statements on how to close the gap. But here's advice from people working directly with Indigenous communities who have evidence for what actually works.
The government will hail this year’s outcome as the most promising result since 2011.
The tenth Closing the Gap report shows only three of the seven targets are on track to be met.
The average year nine Indigenous student in a very remote area scores about the same in NAPLAN reading as the average year three non-Indigenous city student, and significantly lower in writing.
Using equivalent year levels provides us with a clearer picture of the gap for Indigenous students, who can be up to an equivalent of 7.7 years behind their non-Indigenous counterparts in writing.
The ‘Closing the Gap’ initiative has existed since 2006, but the statistics show the gap is growing.
To Close the Gap, Indigenous Australians are the experts. Indigenous organisations are more likely to achieve outcomes because they understand local issues and have ‘skin in the game’.
Indigenous schoolchildren dance during a launch of the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Plan in Brisbane.
The latest census data reveals valuable insights into Closing the Gap targets. While there's some improvement in school attendance rates, all other indicators suggest a radical rethink is required.
Census figures show remote Indigenous communities are falling behind.
Looking past the headline Census figures, we see divergences between rural and urban Indigenous populations, and the young and old.
‘We refuse to appeal to the benevolence of White folk for our lives to matter. We remind them every day that we are still here.’
Despite the promise of Black Lives Matter, it has not been taken up as a central political movement by Indigenous Australians.
For many young Indigenous children, schools are Eurocentric establishments offering minimal cultural connections.
Indigenous youth are over-representation in juvenile detention centres, and excluding them from education could make this worse.
Like so many Indigenous people in the NT, Dr G. Yunupingu had chronic hepatitis B since he was a child.
Hepatitis B rates in Indigenous communities are ten times higher than the rest of Australia. Eliminating the infection from Indigenous Australia can make a significant contribution to closing the gap.
Some of the notable additions to the PBS include drugs to treat eye and HIV infections, cystic fibrosis, multiple sclerosis, and cancer.
An independent expert provides his pick of the most notable drugs added to the PBS on May 1, 2017.
Tony Abbott’s additional target focusing on school attendance rates has not improved at all since 2014.
The report focus on the government’s own policies fails to acknowledge genuine differences of opinion on key issues such as constitutional recognition and income management.
Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull on the eve of the release of the Close the Gap report.
Kevin Rudd called for more to be done to halt the increasing number of Indigenous children being removed from their families.
Indigenous Australians have always done plenty to try to improve their lives.
Waves of policies from successive Coalition and Labor governments have followed a paternalistic lead. This has created further impediments to thousands of Indigenous peoples who are doing plenty.