Incumbent Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta will be Mali's next president but an unremarkable first term, and a flawed election, could put a dent in his legacy.
Winners and losers are both trying to win the West’s support for their view.
In a political environment where voters are increasingly attuned to instances of polling malpractice, African states are grudgingly adopting technology as a barrier to election fraud.
Gabon has the lowest trust ratings of any election commission among the 36 African countries surveyed by Afrobarometer.
As Zambia prepares to go to the polls again the entire party system is in flux, electoral violence has been worryingly frequent and the country's democratic credentials are increasingly in doubt