Plants make proteins based on whatever genetic material you give them.
Carl Davies, CSIRO
Inserting a random DNA mishmash into a plant or bacterium directs it to make a novel protein. Sifting through the resulting molecules, researchers may find ones have medical or agricultural uses.
General anesthetics affect cellular proteins to knock us out. Some do so better than others, especially the noble gas Xenon.
How do anesthetics work, and what makes for an ideal anesthetic? It's not as mysterious as once believed, and there's a gas that ticks all the boxes for a perfect anesthetic: xenon.
The cells inside this bioreactor are the real pharmaceutical factories.
Rather than being designed by chemists, this class of pharmaceuticals is produced by living cells. Here's where they come from and how they work.
A collage of biological data visualisations.
Image from C. Stolte, B.F. Baldi, S.I. O'Donoghue, C. Hammang, D.K.G. Ma, and G.T. Johnson
The daunting complexity of biological data requires tailored visualisation tools to reveal buried insights.
Computers may play an important role in preparing us for the next viral outbreak – whether flu or Ebola.
UW Institute for Protein Design
This antivirus software protects health, not computers. Researchers are beginning to combat deadly infections using computer-generated antiviral proteins – a valuable tool to fight a future pandemic.
It’s the chemistry that makes it taste so great.
The same chemical reaction is behind the frothing of milk in your cappuccino and the whipping of egg whites in sweet meringue.
The only treatment for coeliac disease is the strict, life-long avoidance of foods containing gluten.
Recent headlines proclaimed an Australian-developed pill might be able to help those with coeliac disease eat wheat without becoming ill. But the fine print says it's no treatment or cure.
Too good to be true? Time to hair the evidence!
Photo by Julie Russell/LLNL
Move over, DNA profilers. Scientists are developing a potentially more powerful technique to identify criminals from their hair.
Complex but mighty useful.
Scientists and engineers have looked to nature for their inspiration for centuries. The field of biomimetics uses ideas from nature to solve complex human challenges. Synthetic biology, a more recent concept…
Try putting an ice-cube in your mouth. The insides of your mouth and tongue instantly turn numb. Hold it in still and you will feel pain. Now try sucking on peppermint. The mint itself is at room temperature…
Hair colour in humans is largely determined by a molecule critical to stem cell function and development, according to a…
A protein that allows Salmonella to invade host cells could be the key to developing an effective new treatment. Research…
A small molecule, which works by “tricking” proteins into binding with it, has been effective in stopping the growth of cancer…
The new discovery of a protein could help predict how much time is left on a woman’s biological clock. Dr Sara Al-Musawi…
Increasing the activity of enzyme NEU1 can stop or reverse the build-up of plaque in the brains of mice with Alzheimer’s…
Here I come, carrying seeds of life.
No one knows how life began on Earth. But for it to happen, some simple chemical building blocks would have been needed. Many scientists argue the Earth’s violent past, with its massive volcanoes and regular…
Scientists have used test tubes to discover coral’s secret to building their external skeletons. The Rutgers Institute study…
Researchers in Switzerland have successfully mapped coordinates for all proteins of the tuberculosis pathogen Mycobaterium…
Transcription factor II B (TFIIB) is a protein that binds to DNA to initiate the production of new proteins. When DNA damage…
A protein necessary for lactation has for the first time been shown to inhibit the critical cellular transition that is an…