Once the coat around the seed is moistened, the embryo cells expand and burst out in a process called germination.
A seed contains nearly everything a tree needs to get growing. Just add a dash of water, a bit of warmth and the right location, and you'll be seeing green in no time.
Chinese President Xi Jinping wants to make China great again. US President Donald Trump has expressed similar hopes for his own country.
The comparison between ancient Athens and modern China, and Sparta and the US, through the Thucydides Trap, has its limitations.
Unsurprisingly, the Jason Bourne films won’t tell you much about ASIO.
Bourne Supremacy screenshot/Universal
James Bond and Jason Bourne have little to tell us about modern spycraft.
Australia has been a strong supporter of the BEPS project since it started, including as chair of the G20 in 2014.
A treaty Australia has just signed will amend existing tax treaties to limit international tax avoidance.
Ice cores are a window into the past hundreds of thousands of years.
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center/Ludovic Brucker
The current rise in atmospheric carbon dioxide levels is unprecedented in the past 800,000 years. As our video explains, ice cores track human changes to the atmosphere that are far beyond natural.
Theresa May’s gamble on calling an early election has not paid off.
The stunning UK election result – a hung parliament – may be another sign of the rise of 'anti-politics', particularly among the young.
The Finkel Review is scientifically modest but politically deft.
Chief Scientist Alan Finkel has attempted to address the energy 'trilemma': electricity that's cheap, reliable and low-emissions. Has he succeeded? Our expert panel weighs in.
Depending on the policy settings, a low-emissions target could conceivably award carbon credits to coal plants.
AAP Image/Dan Himbrechts
The Finkel Review looks likely to recommend a "low emissions target", which would award credits to cleaner energy sources, much like the current Renewable Energy Target.
Trump waves au revoir to the Paris deal.
Donald Trump has fulfilled his pledge to withdraw from the Paris climate agreement struck in 2015, leaving China and Europe with the job of preventing other nations from following suit.
Medical researchers should be conducting life-saving research, not spending half their time writing grants.
Australian medical researchers are under intense pressure to find funds to continue their research, and there is some optimism that the latest NHMRC funding changes will help.
The beautiful Chinese cave gecko, or Goniurosaurus luii, is highly prized by poachers.
Biologists have a centuries-old tradition of publishing on rare and endangered species. But poachers are using open-access information to target valuable and fragile new species.
Hundreds of large old trees were removed when the Hume Highway was widened.
When the Hume Highway was widened, hundreds of nest boxes were installed to replace habitat for three threatened species. Four years of monitoring has concluded the program is entirely unsuccessful.
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has argued the US should stay in the Paris climate agreement. But for the rest of the world, a US exit is better than staying reluctantly.
If the US stays in the Paris deal but misses its targets, the deal could look like a sham. But if Trump carries out his threat to withdraw, the US veto would be gone, and other nations might step up.
New research shows Australian farmers are adapting to climate change, offsetting at least part of a climate change-induced decline.
Many banks are worried that coal investments could be left stranded on their asset books.
A new Climate Council report points out that the Paris Agreement's carbon budget leaves no room for the development of massive new coal reserves such as the proposed Carmichael mine.
The naval shipbuilding plan is undoubtedly a major step forward for industrial capability in Australia.
Australia’s long-awaited naval shipbuilding plan has two interconnected weaknesses when it comes to sovereignty.
Long-term studies help us prevent the type of diseases that would otherwise land us in hospital.
Long-term studies help identify new risk factors for disease and how we might address them.
The market for exploiting software vulnerabilities can be traced back to the 90s where “phreaking” - modifying telecommunications technology - was popular.
The underground market for software vulnerabilities has been growing steadily since the 1990s, so the latest WannaCry could be a sign of things to come.
One of these is a human, the other not. Can you tell the difference?
Experts may be dismissed when they express values, offer advice or make mistakes. But these expectations are unreasonable and unhelpful.
There are new requirements for various welfare payment recipients in the latest federal budget.
The government is reinforcing the dichotomy between "them" and "us" with this budget's welfare changes, but it lacks solid evidence of effectiveness.