Handaxes, as seen in the top row, were common to this period; the tools seen in the bottom row appear to be unique to this site.
Knowing that our North African ancestors were making handaxes helps scientists to understand how our human ancestors spread across the African continent.
Three upright walkers, including Lucy (center) and two specimens of
Australopithecus sediba, a human ancestor from South Africa dating back nearly 2 million years.
Image compiled by Peter Schmid and courtesy of Lee R. Berger/Wikimedia Commons
Walking has taken a very long time to develop, with evidence of bipedalism among early humans in Africa roughly 4.4 million years ago.
The ~2 Ma Homo erectus cranium, DNH 134, from the Drimolen Fossil Hominin site.
Matthew V. Caruana
This is a hugely important find. It means that one of our earlier ancestors possibly originated in southern Africa.
The site at Ngandong held the remains of the last known members of the ancient human species Homo erectus.
Our extinct, distant cousins still lived in Indonesia 110,000 years ago.
A Neanderthal skull shows head trauma, evidence of ancient violence.
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
300,000 years ago, there were lots of different species of human. Now it’s only us – and we’re probably the reason why.
An Indonesian island was home to
H. Floresiensis – but how did the dwarfed human species evolve?
New research models how the Homo floresiensis species could have evolved its small size remarkably quickly while living on an isolated island.
The ancestral population of modern humans appears to have split as it moved across Asia.
New research outlines how the ancestors of modern humans interbred with several archaic human groups on the passage from Africa to Australia.
Homo erectus had many features in common with Homo sapiens – but we still don’t have a genetic profile for this species.
No area of archaeology has seen such vibrant change in recent times than how we understand our family tree. Could 2019 be the year we learn more about our mysterious ancestor Homo erectus?
An Oldowan core freshly excavated at Ain Boucherit from which sharp-edged cutting flakes were removed.
New discovery could be a game changer for archaeology.
Excavations at Kalinga in Luzon’s Cagayan Valley (Philippines).
G.D. van den Bergh
Humans butchered a rhino in a remote part of the Philippines 700,000 years ago, but who were they and how did they get there?
Footprint from 700,000 years ago.
Children in the distant past were put to work early, reveal footprints.
Homo neanderthalensis reconstruction.
Matteo De Stefano/MUSE Science ms
A new study estimates the nutritional value of human flesh and challenges the belief that prehistoric humans engaged in cannibalism just to fill their stomachs.
A prehistoric hand-held multipurpose stone tool the size of a person’s palm recovered by a farmer in Kenya. More tools were found during a search.
Scientists are hoping that ancient stone tools found on a family farm in Kenya will add to a clearer picture of the first appearance, duration and variation of prehistoric technologies found so far.
A 700,000 year-old stone tool excavated by an Indonesian field worker at Mata Menge, Flores.
New fossil finds show the first large-bodied inhabitants of an isolated Indonesian island evolved to Hobbit-size, but they always remembered how to make and use stone tools.
Professor Lee Berger from the University of the Witwatersrand holding the skull of Homo Naledi.
The big question being asked is: where does Homo naledi fit in the evolutionary tree? Assessing the similarity or dissimilarity between fossil skulls has provided a possible clue to the answer.
Scientific evidence shows overwhelmingly that people across the world are genetic refugees from Africa.
Despite science refuting the existence of different human races, people have used “race” throughout history to divide and denigrate certain people while promoting their claims of superiority.
The skull of Homo naledi is built like those of early Homo species but its brain was just more than half the size of the average ancestor from 2 million years ago.
Despite claims about its age, puzzling combinations of features from Homo naledi gives it an uncanny resemblance to human beings.
For millennia, humans have had the tools to change the atmosphere: when will we develop a sense of caution?
The era in which humans have had the power to alter the conditions for all life on Earth is widely thought to have begun with the Industrial Revolution 250 years ago. This era has been dubbed the “Anthropocene…