Tokophobia goes beyond normal childbirth concerns and worries and becomes an intense and irrational fear of pregnancy and/or labour.
Babies born via caesarean had lower scores in fine motor skills and communication.
Oksana Kuzmina/ Shutterstock
Our study joins a growing body of evidence that suggests caesarean sections may have more consequences than previously thought.
Cesarean sections have become more common in the U.S.
The decline in US birth weight is somewhat of a puzzle for public health researchers.
Birth centres are a good option for women with low-risk pregnancies, but availability is limited.
Compared to women who give birth in a birth centre, those who give birth in hospitals are much more likely to have interventions – from epidurals, to labour augmentation and caesarean deliveries.
James Young Simpson’s Caesarian forceps, Hunterian Museum, Glasgow.
Childbirth used to be a terrifying ordeal. But women were surrounded by others – mothers, aunts, sisters – who brought love and experience. But midway through the 19th century, this changed.
Caesarean delivery alone does not contribute to the odds of a child developing autism or ADHD.
A new study has found a link between being born by caesarean section and having a greater chance of being diagnosed with autism or ADHD. But there's no evidence caesarean sections cause them.
What are the differences between planned assisted childbirth with midwife at home versus delivery with obstetrician at a hospital?
Evidence suggests that microbes play a vital role in health. But what microbes we get depends whether we were born in a hospital versus at home. That could impact our health decades later.
Pregnant with possibilities.
Professional bodies say that vaginal births after caesareans are safe and usually successful. So why do doctors often recommend that women go back under the knife?
Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, arrives for her baby shower at the Mark Hotel on Feb. 19, 2019, in New York. She was rumoured to want to deliver her baby at home rather than in hospital.
(AP Photo/Kevin Hagen)
A professor of midwifery education reviews the research evaluating the safety of home versus hospital births.
Maternal mortality is much higher in Africa than in high-income countries.
Research shows that women in Africa are more likely to die as a result of complications related to C-sections.
New study finds that giving birth through an emergency caesarean increases the risk of developing postnatal depression in the first nine months after childbirth by about 15%.
C-sections can have long-term complications for moms and babies.
A Lancet series shows that C-sections are performed for non-medical reasons in private health while poor women who need the surgery don't have access.
Pregnant women waiting to see a doctor at a hospital in Uganda.
If women don't have access to quality emergency surgery, they can develop dibilitating complications such as fistula.
One in four Australian mothers had a negative birth experience.
While childbirth is often a joyful event, it rarely unfolds exactly how we think it will. This causes disappointment among some women, and leaves a small proportion with a diagnosis of postnatal PTSD.
Intervention will sometimes be required in childbirth, but should only occur when medically necessary.
Our study found babies born via medical or surgical intervention were at increased risk of health problems, from jaundice and feeding issues, to diabetes, respiratory infections and eczema.
How should pregnant women make sense of the diverse risks and benefits of caesarean versus vaginal delivery?
Many midwives still want to reduce the number of unnecessary interventions during childbirth.
Society holds paradoxical views of childbirth, which can make the debate around it confusing.
Many women in African countries who are medically required to have caesarean sections aren't able to access them due to weak health systems and a lack of resources.
Woman in labor, shown with monitors. Via Shutterstock.
Childbirth in the U.S. can be dangerous and dehumanizing. An ob/gyn who traveled recently to India to review childbirth there says the U.S. and India fall short in similar ways.
The mode of delivery has a big impact on an infant’s microbiota, the bacteria that live in the gut.
The particular makeup of a newborn’s gut microbes is important as it has been shown to affect their risk of developing certain diseases later in childhood and adulthood.