A single brilliant insight is only part of the story of how diabetes became a manageable disease.
Douglas Grundy/Three Lions via Getty Images
A biomedical engineer explains the basic research that led to the discovery of insulin and its transformation into a lifesaving treatment for millions of people with diabetes.
As a printer’s apprentice in 1721, Franklin had a front-row seat to the controversy around a new prevention technique.
ClassicStock/Archive Photos via Getty Images
When Bostonians in 1721 faced a deadly smallpox outbreak, a new procedure called inoculation was found to help fend off the disease. Not everyone was won over, and newspapers fed the controversy.
Leeuwenhoek refined the magnifying glass, creating the world’s first microscope.
Tetra Images via Getty Images
Van Leeuwenhoek, who discovered bacteria, is one of the most important figures in the history of medicine, laying the groundwork for today’s understanding of infectious disease.
© Wellcome Collection
Though Renaissance concerns about ‘borrowed flesh’ might seem outlandish and out of date, they are surprisingly relevant to the modern surgical landscape.
The beginnings of measuring fever go back more than 400 years.
Armistice Day celebrations on Nov. 11, 1918, worried public health experts as people crowded together in cities across the U.S.
Americans were tired of social distancing and mask-wearing. At the first hint the virus was receding, people pushed to get life back to normal. Unfortunately another surge of the disease followed.
Black patients can be wary of the medical establishment.
Maskot via Getty Images
Though COVID-19 has killed Black Americans at nearly twice the rate as white Americans, Black people are the least likely racial group to say they’re eager to get the vaccine.
By - https://www.nlm.nih.gov/hmd/emotions/self.html , , Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1684469.
Elaine and Arthur Shapiro/Wikimedia Commons
A whistle-stop tour of the history of placebos.
We shouldn’t paint all those hesitant or unsure about new medical treatments with the same broad brush. We need a more productive and thoughtful conversation.
D.O.s like Sean Conley, physician to the president, can face stigma from people who don’t understand the practice.
Saul Loeb/AFP via Getty Images
Almost 10% of physicians in the US are doctors of osteopathic medicine, and that proportion is rising. Their medical knowledge matches that of other doctors; the difference is the philosophy behind it.
The COVID-19 new normal might be here for quite some time.
SolStock/E+ via Getty Images
As ready as you are to be done with COVID-19, it’s not going anywhere soon. A historian of disease describes how once a pathogen emerges, it’s usually here to stay.
An 1801 etching of a dandified physician taking a lancet to a ‘dindonnade,’ a word signifying both ‘turkey’ and ‘hoax.’ It ridicules the smallpox vaccine, which takes fluid from an animal to insert into a human.
The history of anti-vaccination theories can help us understand how such claims capture a popular following. The same misinformation used against 19th century smallpox vaccine is still in use today.
Rui Vieira/PA Wire/PA Images
What is it about breast cancer that has made mastectomy and its effects so hard to discuss for over 400 years?
New research shows that the oldest surviving anatomical atlas comes from Han Dynasty China, and was written over 2,000 years ago.
A Cholera Patient, Random Shots No. 2. Cartoon by British satirist Robert Cruikshank, circa 1832.
Pandemic histories are useful for understanding COVID-19, but how they connect with race, public health, revolution, labour and colonialism are needed to explain the present and predict the future.
A pandemic from a century ago doesn’t necessarily chart the course of the pandemic happening now.
National Photo Company Collection/Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division/Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division
Differences in the viruses’ biology and societal contexts mean there’s no guarantee today’s pandemic will mirror the ‘waves’ of infection a century ago.
Early clinical trials into ginseng, rhubarb and rice paved the way for testing coronavirus treatments today.
A simple, low-tech way to get rid of germs.
FatCamera/E+ via Getty Images
A Hungarian obstetrician was the first to nail down the importance of handwashing to stop the spread of infectious disease.
In the past, quarantines were often seen as an excuse for state intervention, and condemned as instruments of despotism.
U.S. officials risk public health by equating COVID-19 with places far from home.
AP Photo/Patrick Semansky
Emphasizing foreign origins of a disease can have racist connotations and implications for how people understand their own risk of disease.