_S. pneumoniae_, the bacteria responsible for pneumonia, causes about one million deaths each year. Now we know how it uses the sugar raffinose to spread through the body to cause disease.
Clinical trials can assess impact of a medication on a disease. The ideal design is 'blind' – when the researchers and participants do not know who is assigned to the different treatments.
Middle ear infections (otitis media) are a common and often painful condition that
most children will experience at least once in their first year.
Children with glue ear constantly struggle to hear at school, which may leave them frustrated, disengaged and unlikely to reach their full potential.
Nearly all Indigenous Australian children have some form of otitis media, a middle ear infection that often leads to hearing loss.