Not achieving the targets for children and adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa means that new infections will continue to increase and HIV related mortality will be a reality for decades to come.
The key actions needed to end AIDS are relatively clear. The question is whether every government, funder, and implementing organisations will apply them.
Until vaccines that are capable of protecting all populations against TB are developed, treatment is the best option to preventing infection.
South Africa’s long-awaited TB prevalence survey results were recently released. They reveal that the country has a much higher burden of TB than previously thought.
Where there are not enough health workers to deliver medical care, one solution is to move certain tasks to less specialised health workers, a process called task-shifting.
Tuberculosis is a global threat and a public health concern on a scale similar to COVID-19.
Some insights into previous outbreaks of human coronaviruses may be useful in explaining the comparatively 'low' numbers of COVID-19 infections and mortality in people with HIV in South Africa.
COVID-19 has stretched South Africa's public health services to capacity. In response, the services have increased their capacity through innovation.
The redirection of resources to COVID-19 has enormous consequences for the provision of healthcare services for other diseases, in particular, HIV programmes.
A century ago, Australians were battling another pandemic, tuberculosis, with public health measures many will find familiar today.
The study of two hospitals was a first for researching the microbiology of the built environment in South Africa – a multi-disciplinary approach to understanding how to design healthier buildings.
Scientists need greater understanding of the bacterium's basic biology, as well as more about how it is spread from one individual to the next.
There are many questions left unanswered because the outbreak is still in an early stage.
In some communities, over a quarter of the children were misclassified as iron replete whereas they were iron deficient.
Obstacles to getting more people with TB treated extend beyond cost. It starts with locating people at greatest risk and expanding preventive treatment programmes.
Bioinformatics can be applied to a range of problems, such as understanding the genome sequence of organisms or coming up with new drugs.
Global health researchers, funders and journals are not walking the talk on equity, diversity and inclusion.
Many of the most fundamental aspects of TB disease remain unknown. For example, after exposure to the organism that causes TB, why do only some people get infected and only some of those fall ill?
Rapid population ageing has prompted researchers to study disease trends in older South Africans. The aim is to understand the role that specific health conditions play in ageing among rural people.
Treating infectious diseases is a huge challenge because patients often fail to take the medicine for the long duration, especially for tuberculosis. Now there's a new device that may help.