For much of the 20th century, Americans were used to seeing people bearing the signs of past polio infection.
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Polio vaccines have been a massive public health victory in the US. But purely celebratory messaging overlooks the ongoing threat if vaccination rates fall.
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Countries must ensure adequate and full immunisation of every child to curb polio mutations.
Head nurse Luke Kanyang'areng’ with a visceral leishmaniasis patient at the Kacheliba Sub-County Hospital in Kenya.
Every year, 1.7 billion people, most in the world’s poorest areas, are affected by NTDs. The diseases cause suffering, stigma, disability and sometimes death.
Routine immunisation has resulted in diseases like measles being drastically reduced.
The pandemic has disrupted national immunisation programmes. As a result, the African continent is seeing more outbreaks of vaccine preventable diseases.
In 1956, during the height of the polio epidemic in the U.S., health officials in Chicago offer polio shots at a public school.
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With poliovirus circulating in New York, health authorities worry that pockets of the county with low polio vaccination rates could give the virus a foothold.
Critical-care patients in the emergency polio ward at Haynes Memorial Hospital in Boston in August 1955.
Associated Press photo
Health officials say the new case of polio in New York state and the presence of poliovirus in the municipal wastewater suggests that hundreds more could already be infected with the disease.
Polio cases in the US, UK and Israel remind us that this could also happen in Australia. Here’s what we should watch out for.
The move follows recent detections of poliovirus in London’s wastewater.
Polio is endemic only in Afghanistan and Pakistan in 2022.
Sarah Poser, Meredith Boyter Newlove/CDC via AP
The oral polio vaccine – which is no longer given in the US – relies on a live but weakened virus that can actually be passed from person to person.
The clue is in your poo. Two experts explain the history and science behind wastewater surveillance.
keerati keeerati/Alamy Stock Photo
The oral polio vaccine is cheap and effective, but it comes with some risks.
Child receiving the polio vaccine.
Poliovirus traces in London sewage from February to May suggest ongoing infection
Experts estimate that close to 90% of the U.S. population must be vaccinated to reach herd immunity for COVID-19.
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Vaccination campaigns like the ones that eventually eliminated polio and measles in the United States required decades of education and awareness in order to achieve herd immunity in the U.S. population.
Emmanuel Osodi/Majority World/Universal Images Group via Getty Images.
Mandatory COVID-19 vaccination in Nigeria cannot be by oral proclamation, but must be based on legislation or regulation on public health and safety.
Intensive care physicians are yet again facing ICU bed and staff shortages as severe COVID-19 cases rise.
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A critical care doctor brings a frontlines perspective to the frustration of dealing firsthand with vaccine hesitancy and discusses the limitations of science and medicine.
A child gets a dose of the oral polio vaccine.
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Outbreaks of polio have become a thing of the past, told to us by our grandparents, only because of vaccination.
A high school student gets his COVID-19 shot at a pop-up vaccine clinic at a public charter school in Los Angeles.
Al Seib / Los Angeles Times via Getty Images
For decades, US schools have been common sites for vaccine clinics to respond to outbreaks and provide catch-up immunizations. So why are they suddenly controversial?
Two public health nurses vaccinate adults at a polio clinic in Southey, Sask. in 1960.
(Canadian Nurses Association fonds. Library and Archives Canada)
At the height of polio and H1N1, Canadians were keen to get vaccinated, but vaccine enthusiasm waned once the crisis had passed — what does that mean for COVID-19?
Empathetically exploring the positive motivations of people who are vaccine hesitant may help improve acceptance for COVID-19 vaccines and others.
From maternity wards to primary care, Canadian researchers are looking to find the positive motivations of vaccine hesitant people, whether they are new parents or other adults.
In a pandemic, vaccines are in very high demand, and this threatens their supply.
In 1959, three armed men broke into the University of Montréal and stole the whole supply of polio vaccine — 75,000 vials valued at $50,000. What have we learned from this event?