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Articles on Antiretroviral therapy

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The estimated lifetime costs of antiretroviral therapy for someone who acquires HIV at age 35 is $358,380. YakubovAlim/iStock via Getty Images Plus

Combining an HIV vaccine with immunotherapy may reduce the need for daily medication

People with HIV need to take daily medication to keep the virus at bay. A study has found that a new treatment combination could boost immunity and control virus levels even after stopping medication.
Healthcare worker, Boitsholo Mfolo, inside the digital x-ray truck at one of Africa Health Research Institute’s mobile screening camps in rural KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. Samora Chapman/ Africa Health Research Institute

Study shows a huge burden of undiagnosed disease in a rural South African district

South Africa needs a public health response that expands the successes of the country’s HIV testing and treatment programme to provide care for multiple diseases.
Missing targets to end HIV in children represents nothing less than a global failure. Sunil Pradhan/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images

Ending HIV in children is way off target: where to focus action now

Not achieving the targets for children and adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa means that new infections will continue to increase and HIV related mortality will be a reality for decades to come.
“We saw patients dying for avoidable reasons. They were dying because masks that came loose were not being replaced,” says MSF COVID-19 intervention nursing activities manager, Caroline Masunda. Chris Allan

Small things can save lives: coping with COVID-19 in resource-scarce hospitals

Where there are not enough health workers to deliver medical care, one solution is to move certain tasks to less specialised health workers, a process called task-shifting.
People relying on HIV prevention, care and treatment services have become even more vulnerable because of COVID-19. Foto24/Gallo Images/Getty Images

Why it’s important to keep diagnosing and treating HIV during the COVID-19 pandemic

If the world is single-minded and focuses purely on combating one pandemic, forgetting others, the effects of other morbidity and mortality on healthcare systems will be seen for a long time to come.
A laboratory technician processes samples for testing COVID-19 at the Rwanda Biomedical Center in Kigali. Simon Wohlfahrt / AFP via Getty Images

How pooled testing can increase access to essential laboratory tests in Africa

Pooled testing, or group testing, has been used to diagnose relatively rare conditions, such as infection in blood donors. It could be used for universal early infant diagnosis and viral load testing.
A healthcare worker in a protective suit is seen at a quarantine and isolation centre in Johannesburg, South Africa.

How COVID-19 threatens efforts to contain HIV/AIDS in South Africa

The redirection of resources to COVID-19 has enormous consequences for the provision of healthcare services for other diseases, in particular, HIV programmes.
World AIDS Day is observed annually in many countries to raise people’s awareness in the fight against HIV. AP Photo/Themba Hadebe

Treating HIV in the tiniest babies could have huge positive implications for their future

Babies born with the HIV virus in their blood are at a turning point in the infection. With immediate treatment these children can develop much stronger immune systems to fight the virus.

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