The largest number of HIV-exposed but uninfected children are in South Africa.
HIV negative children born to women with HIV have a greater risk of dying before their first birthday.
More than a year after a groundbreaking liver transplant doctors still can’t say if the recipient is HIV-positive or not.
A liver transplant from an HIV-positive living donor to an HIV-negative recipient is possible, but there are still gaps in our knowledge.
A community health worker conducting a HIV test in a mobile clinic in a remote part of KwaZulu-Natal.
Greg Lomas / Médecins Sans Frontières
Women and children remain the focus of HIV while men are disadvantaged in accessing testing and treatment in Africa.
In rural areas where there are often fewer healthcare professionals available, traditional healers can have a role to play in promoting HIV treatment.
Three new HIV vaccine concepts which rely on high-tech designer proteins are being trialled to see if they can stop the virus.
A 3D depiction of HIV which attacks T-cells in the body.
A South African child, who has been in HIV remission for nearly nine years, could help researchers understand how to make remission possible for millions of other HIV positive people.
This human T cell (blue) is under attack by HIV (yellow), the virus that causes AIDS. T cells play a critical role in the body’s immune response.
Seth Pincus, Elizabeth Fischer and Austin Athman, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health
HIV research continues to search for a cure. The focus is on developing therapies to cure HIV infection or allow people with HIV to safely stop antiretroviral therapy and keep the virus under control.
South African HIV rights group, the Treatment Action Campaign, marching through Durban, calling for antiretroviral access for all.
International AIDS Society/Rogan Ward
Current epidemiological and financial trends suggest there's a major risk of a substantial shortfall in the funds required to sustain life-saving antiretroviral programmes.
Mental health problems need to be addressed to control the HIV epidemic, but such treatment is not yet part of the HIV care package in sub-Saharan Africa.