Many hospitals permit nurses to initiate and manage patients on ART.
Jean-Marc Giboux/Getty Images
The giant leap in the number of people accessing HIV treatment would not have been possible without task shifting from medical doctors to less-specialised cadres such as nurses and midwives.
Early diagnosis and treatment are key in the fight against HIV.
One of the main challenges remains that diagnostics and drugs for people suffering from advanced HIV aren't readily available. This group of people is vulnerable to deadly opportunistic infections.
Long-acting cabotegravir injections once every eight weeks was better than the daily tablet used for HIV prevention.
Our findings suggest that cabotegravir is much more effective than Truvada in preventing HIV infection in women.
Providing antiretroviral therapy without incorporating quality diets may not help to reduce illness and death related to HIV.
It’s important for scientists to have the most thorough understanding of HIV.
The discovery of a new strain of HIV gives scientists a better understanding of the virus.
Nowhere in South Africa is the migrant population as dense as in inner-city Johannesburg.
HIV is a condition that must be managed, not just medically, but also socially, tackling stigma, social anxieties and the risks of disclosure.
The drug is set to improve HIV treatment.
The study confirms that dolutegravir is an effective and well-tolerated ARV.
South Africa has the world’s highest AIDS burden.
Most of the reasons people don’t take their medication aren't related to the antiretrovirals themselves, but rather social and systemic issues.
Access to affordable medical treatment can save lives.
The global cancer burden especially in developing countries is exacerbated by the high cost of treatment.
French President Emmanuel Macron has an HIV blood test as part of World AIDS Day observances Dec. 1, 2017.
World AIDS Day is Dec. 1. With many advances in preventing and treating the disease, the disease has fallen from top of mind for many. An epidemiologist explains why that could be dangerous.
The largest number of HIV-exposed but uninfected children are in South Africa.
HIV negative children born to women with HIV have a greater risk of dying before their first birthday.
The WHO recommends HIV viral load testing to monitor people on ARVs.
Introducing viral load testing at health facilities can help South Africa reach the United Nations target to end AIDS.
A girl gets tested for HIV in Uganda where attempts to integrate HIV services with general health service have failed.
In Uganda stand-alone clinics for HIV treatment persist because of stigma and overcrowding.
A community health worker conducting a HIV test in a mobile clinic in a remote part of KwaZulu-Natal.
Greg Lomas / Médecins Sans Frontières
Women and children remain the focus of HIV while men are disadvantaged in accessing testing and treatment in Africa.
More than 15 000 researchers, activists and policymakers descend on Amsterdam this week for the 22nd International Aids Conference.
The HIV epidemic is far from over and it's not time to disengage, says International Aids Society President Linda-Gail Bekker.
Health workers promote exclusive breastfeeding to HIV positive mothers more than they do to mothers who are negative.
There needs to be a wide range of sexual health services for men who have sex with men.
In many parts of sub-Saharan Africa men who have sex with men encounter stigma and prejudice when accessing health services.
South Africa's data rollout of its pre-exposure prophylaxis shows that there is a relatively slow, but increasing, uptake. However, more needs to be done to target young women.
Pillbox (illustration only).
A clinical trial currently underway in France could confirm that that HIV treatment can be safely reduced to just four days a week, while maintaining the same efficacy.
In rural areas where there are often fewer healthcare professionals available, traditional healers can have a role to play in promoting HIV treatment.