Treatment has transformed the outlook for people living with HIV from almost certain death to a manageable chronic condition.
Despite the breakthroughs in HIV and AIDS research, without an effective vaccine, the world will not get to zero new infections and deaths.
A man lights candles as part of a World AIDS Day event in Jakarta.
Globally, the health community is moving to a point where there could be zero new HIV infections or deaths. But it has been a long road.
AIDS activists demand that the government of then-South African president Thabo Mbeki show a clear plan to fight the disease.
One of the remarkable achievements of South Africa's Constitutional Court has been its role in improving the quality of the internal democratic processes within the governing ANC.
Anglo American’s plans to reduce its operations will have an impact on the provision of health services to miners.
The closure of several mines in South Africa and production cuts could have a detrimental impact on the health of miners who rely on in-house HIV and TB treatment programmes.
The successful prevention of mother to child transmission programmes means nearly all HIV-infected pregnant women should get anti-retroviral treatment to protect their babies.
Joshua Wanyama/Africa Knows
South Africa's programmes preventing HIV transmission from mothers to children have been hugely successful. But there are still gaps that need to be filled.
Advances in HIV treatment have turned it into a chronic, but manageable, illness. In this photo: Artist Damien Hirst’s ‘Where there’s a will there’s a way,’ which shows antiretroviral drugs in a medicine cabinet, is seen as it is displayed at a gallery in New York, February 4 2008.
Thanks to treatment advances, people with HIV can and do live long and full lives. And that has led to a challenge that doctors and patients may not have imagined 35 years ago: the aging HIV patient.
South Africa’s successes in HIV treatment have been marred by challenges in improving HIV prevention methods.
With nearly one-fifth of the globe's HIV positive population, South Africa has the largest anti-retroviral program in the world. But HIV prevention still presents a big challenge for the country.
All people have duties to their sexual partners regardless of their HIV status.
Just how much disclosure is it reasonable to expect from a sex partner, particularly if that relationship isn't a serious and committed one?
The reservoirs of dormant HIV have been the main barrier to a cure.
Researchers have found a promising way of kicking the AIDS virus out of its hiding place in infected cells, potentially removing the main obstacle to curing HIV.
Sexual contact between men remains the main route of HIV transmission.
Despite health promotion campaigns and a concerted effort to make antiretroviral therapy more accessible, the number of new HIV cases in Australia has remained stable over the last three years.
The biggest growth in sexually transmitted infections is for chlamydia and gonorrhoea.
J. Michel (aka: Mitch) Carriere/Flickr
The latest instalment of Australia’s annual report card on HIV, hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections has been released this morning. Here's what experts make of the results.
Children in particular experience a multitude of viral illnesses during their early years.
Viruses cause all kinds of infections from relatively mild cases of the flu to deadly outbreaks of Ebola. Clearly, not all viruses are equal and one of these differences is when you can infect others.
Early HIV treatment is a win-win strategy.
Starting HIV treatment early, before immune damage occurs, brings real clinical benefits, a new study has shown.
PrEP is a game-changer for couples where one person is HIV positive, allowing natural conception with minimal risk.
A new pill available could enable people living with HIV to conceive children through sex without risking the health of their HIV-negative partner.
Isolating the antibodies.
Immunotherapy has joined anti-retroviral drug therapy as a means to combat HIV.
Treatment can be prevention.
Image of pill via nito/Shutterstock
Ever since combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) was introduced in 1996, HIV has been transformed from a fatal diagnosis to a chronic and manageable condition for many people. ART made it possible for…
Like some other viruses, HIV hides in various places in the body, including in long-lived immune cells like this one.
A second case of a baby who was ostensibly “cured” of HIV after early treatment has been discounted as a possible breakthrough…
The “shock and kill” approach flushes out the infected cells in hiding
A combination of four drugs can flush out HIV-infected cells from hidden reservoirs in the body and kill them with a boost…
The “Mississippi baby” – a child who generated a great deal of excitement last year after being seemingly cured of HIV – now has detectable levels of HIV in the blood, according to doctors and health officials…
Advances are being made towards a HIV cure but with 34 million affected worldwide there’s still a lot of work to be done to help manage it.
Wikimedia Commons/C Goldsmith
Until a few years ago there was no talk of curing HIV. Research focused on making anti-HIV drugs better, trying to find a vaccine or understanding why they didn’t seem to be working. Another area was public…