History tells us that the stability of a country's security forces is key to the success or failure of a popular uprising.
Ten years after the Arab Spring, hope has given way to turmoil as Libyans have watched duelling governments and armed groups fight over the country's oil riches. Is a new chance for peace afoot?
A decade ago, the lack of a clear policy by the Obama administration let the region down. But might US have another opportunity in the Middle East?
The underlying issues of inequality, corruption and poverty are still dogging the region, ten years after the protests.
Despite moments of hope, worries about the present and fears that the future may be even worse have been rising for decades. What can geopolitics teach us about the global impact of fear?
It's been said that empathy is Joe Biden's superpower. A therapeutic approach to foreign policy under Biden might go a long way in easing tensions around the world exacerbated by Donald Trump.
Gulf monarchies emerged from the Arab Spring relatively unscathed, while some Middle East republics were devastated by civil war. Here's how they managed — and how education may have played a part.
Protests don't simply turn violent because people have "nothing to lose". Police behaviour and group psychology also plays a part.
Those who conduct business in Tunisia consider it a low-risk security environment compared to some of its neighbours in North Africa and the Middle East.
Both President Trump and President Obama used military force without informing Congress, or getting its approval. But the differences reveal more than the similarities.
People get angry far more often than they rebel. And rebellions rarely become revolutions. An expert on the French Revolution explains why today's protest movements are different.
Crony capitalism became firmly embedded under Ben Ali, benefiting his family and close friends.
The United States is exhibiting several of the signs that have historically resulted in uprisings and revolutions. Is another American revolution looming?
Western perceptions of what's happening in Tunisia differ sharply with Tunisia's daily reality: the truth is that its political transformation is in trouble.
In death, President Mohamed Beji Caid Essebsi has left behind an unfinished revolution which now needs a new leader.
A government-imposed internet blackout in Sudan is the latest in a series of internet shutdowns as a means to quell dissent.
The nervous Egyptian state hopes that fan-instigated stadium riots will not occur during the Afcon, following a clampdown on some fans.
Algeria's elite has built its legitimacy on a distorted memory of the war of independence.
From the French Revolution to #MeToo, social movements often burst into the mainstream with what seems like little warning. Cass Sunstein explains why.
On the eighth anniversary of the Syrian uprising, scholar Wendy Pearlman writes about the people who risked their lives and raised their voices to fight the oppressive rule of Bashar al-Assad.