The health and wellbeing effects will go beyond the direct impact of war-related fatalities, and are likely to last for years after peace is fully restored.
Children's work circumstances put their welfare in danger, policy and action are needed urgently from government and non-governmental organisations.
There's no guarantee future COVID-19 vaccines will work in the elderly. So we can consider vaccinating the young first to protect them. Here's what we need to work out first.
Male involvement in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV is key for the uptake of services and retention in care. When men are involved, HIV exposed or infected children do better.
Any COVID-19 vaccine is likely to be given first to higher risk groups before it is given to children. But we still need vaccines that are safe and effective for them too.
Removal of user fees or full subsidisation of insurance premiums doesn’t fully eliminate financial access barriers.
Health surveillance assistants provide services in village clinics, mainly by assessing signs and symptoms in sick children. An electronic community case management app could make their job easier.
Breastfeeding support programmes need to engage more with the challenges that mothers face.
The use of antiretroviral therapy among pregnant and breastfeeding women in Zambia has increased but adherence is a problem.
The current pneumococcal conjugate vaccine immunisation schedule requires three doses of the vaccine. These are usually the most expensive vaccines in childhood immunisation programmes.
Children have made many sacrifices because of the country’s COVID-19 response, including social isolation, lack of education opportunities and reduced access to nutrition programmes.
Government action is needed to cut car dependency.
There is no clear delineation of roles and responsibilities relating to the integration of clean water, sanitation, safe hygiene and nutritional status.
The earned income tax credit lifts around 6 million of the working poor out of poverty every year, but with the economy hammered by COVID-19, many might not get the benefit they need.
As antimicrobial resistance increases, the options for treating serious infections dwindle. Doctors need reliable information about which treatments to try out.
Indigenous children have poor oral health compared to Australian kids overall. Our research shows involving local Aboriginal people in designing and providing services can make a difference.
It's much more likely your child's symptoms are caused by a common respiratory virus than COVID-19. But it's important to follow testing guidelines and keep them home if they're unwell.
Why we should free children from the deadening tyranny of being driven everywhere.
Providing nutritious food can ensure better health outcomes that will reach beyond the COVID-19 pandemic.
A third of South African children live below the food poverty line. The fact that many caregivers can't work because of the lockdown will worsen food insecurity. Here's what needs to be done.