The atrocities and motivation of bandits have assumed insurgent-type criminality. But the Nigerian government is reluctant to label them terrorists or insurgents.
Critics have said that ranching is environmentally unsustainable because it results in land degradation. There are other reasons it’s not the solution.
They do menial jobs but also trust in God as a coping strategy.
The absence of support from government leaves communities to determine independently how to move forward, what works, and what is sustainable.
Institutional problems make it difficult to satisfy livestock and crop farmers’ interests, already in contest over agricultural resources.
Beyond the struggle for land and water, new triggers of conflict between farmers and herders have emerged in northern Nigeria.
Northern Nigeria’s cattle rustling problem is aggravated by the regions ungoverned forests.
In the end, Buhari possibly won simply because the Peoples Democratic Party wasn’t offering a viable alternative.