During ice ages, ice sheets like the one in Greenland have covered much of Earth’s surface.
Thor Wegner/DeFodi Images via Getty Images
The Earth has had at least five major ice ages, and humans showed up in time for the most recent one. In fact, we’re still in it.
Are these the footprints of the first-known American teen?
Matthew Robert Bennett
The New Mexico findings could rewrite the history of human migration to the Americas.
The new work presents the oldest dated evidence for hominins in Arabia, in the form of an ancient handaxe tool uncovered from the Nefud Desert.
Cahokia’s mound-building culture flourished a millennium ago near modern-day St. Louis.
JByard/iStock via Getty Images Plus
Five centuries before Columbus arrived, migrants were spreading across North America, carrying their culture with them and mixing with those they encountered in new places.
What route did the first settlers to colonize the islands of the Caribbean take?
M.M. Swee/Moment via Getty Images
Did people settle these islands by traveling north from South America, or in the other direction? Reanalyzing data from artifacts discovered decades ago provides a definitive answer.
Mike Stewart / AP
Genetic studies show mingling between populations has been the norm throughout human history.
Zimbabwean migrants illegally cross Into South Africa.
John Moore/Getty Images
The militarisation of borders and securitisation of migration have always failed to stop irregular migration.
Pulverized ancient bone can provide DNA to scientists for analysis.
Xin Xu Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology
By studying the DNA of people who lived in East Asia thousands of years ago, scientists are starting to untangle how the region was populated.
Archaeological discoveries in a jungle cave in central Indonesia suggest humans arrived there 18,000 years ago and decided to stay a while, hunting in the jungle and building canoes.
Chiquihuite Cave in Mexico.
Devlin A. Gandy
Stone tools found in a cave in Mexico have archaeologists rewriting the human history of the Americas.
An archaeological site in India sheds new light on how ancient humans dispersed from Africa across the world.
Male (left) and female Heterodoxus spiniger from Borneo.
Natural History Museum, London
Reconsidering an old ecological conundrum comes up with a new perspective on migration, contact and trade in the Australia and Asia-Pacific region.
Several of the newly identified stone tools – unearthed from a museum collection.
A fresh look at museum artifacts fills in a gap in the Asian archaeological record and refutes the idea that an advanced technique was imported from the West by early modern humans.
Rampasasa people are from Waemulu village, Flores – near Liang Bua where ‘the Hobbit’ fossils were discovered.
Dean Falk, Florida State University
Modern day people of short stature became physically small due to the effects of living on a small island or forested environment. But we’re not sure why “the Hobbit” of Flores was so small.
Looking for food, water and maybe adventure?
Conquer the globe? You bet we did – but when did it start? A new paper shows early humans made tools in China two million years ago.
: Ian Cartwright/Michael Petraglia/Palaeodeserts Project
How we found the oldest human fossil ever discovered outside Africa and the Levant.
What can a modern-day Creole language tell us about its first speakers in the 1600s?
New research suggests that hints left in Creole languages can identify where the original speakers came from – even hundreds of years after they migrated and mixed together.
Skeletal fragments from Hummervikholmen, one of sites featured in this study.
Scandinavia was populated by two main migrations, making its first inhabitants more genetically diverse and adapted to harsh climates than those in the rest of Europe.
Indigenous Australians created elaborate rock art, as shown here in Arnhem Land.
Researchers in human evolution used to focus on Africa and Eurasia – but not anymore. Discoveries in Asia and Australia have changed the picture, revealing early, complex cultures outside of Africa.
Women shipfitters working on board the USS Nereus at the U.S. Navy Yard in Mare Island, circa 1943.
Department of Defense
Thousands of American women moved west to take advantage of wartime employment opportunities during WWII. For some, this version of the California dream was temporary; for others, it lasted a lifetime.