Biofuels are heralded as a climate-friendly replacement of fossil fuels, but encouraging people to drive less and shift to other modes of transport would cut more emissions.
Indonesian government’s interventions in regulating prices and supplies for palm oil and its derivative products were short-lived and have instead created confusion.
Over the past two years, labour restrictions, climate change and violent conflict have contributed to the record-breaking high prices of vegetable oil around the world.
Palm oil is one of the 21st century’s most contentious agricultural commodities, but its relationship with humans goes back thousands of years.
More than 100 world leaders have pledged to end the destruction of forests by 2030 as a way to slow climate change. That will require changing how the world produces four widely used commodities.
In South Sumatra, the 2015-2018 moratorium reduced the rate of peatland conversion by about 24% compared to the 2000s period.
Palm oil is responsible for widespread deforestation and labor abuses, but it’s also cheap and incredibly useful. That’s why many advocates call for reforming the industry, not replacing it.
Green diesel may be intended to reduce emissions but it is not necessarily environmentally and socially sound.
The coconut – an icon of unspoiled tropical idylls – causes more environmental harm than many people realise.
Microalgae taste like grass and are packed with nutrients.
The right strategies, using agrarian or adat justice, can settle conflicts in favour of local people and indigenous peoples.
Researchers found that palm oil plantations up to five years old were more harmful to the climate than already established ones.
Instead of boycotting palm oil, source it from pastureland and not recently logged forests.
Indonesia’s forest fires forensics, Bambang Hero Sahardjo, receives a prestigious award, John Maddox prize, opening hope for scientists to use scientific evidence for law enforcement.
There are studies showing that farmers can have economic benefits from palm oil. However, they can also be impoverished by the commodity.
Demand for palm and other vegetable oils is rising sharply, raising questions about which ones will be produced, who will control their production and sale, and where they will be grown.
The impact of deforestation for oil palm plantations is well known – and now research has found the replanting process could be additional harm to biodiversity.
Palm oil production is a leading cause of deforestation in Asia, but an EU ban may make matters worse.
Jokowi’s re-election may put the global biodiversity at risk
Calls to ban palm oil could get a very different response among people who live in the same forests as orangutans.