'Social licence to operate' is a term describing how much community support a project or company has. As the Northern Rivers CSG experience shows, failing to get it can have costly impacts for firms.
There are many debates northerners should have about the future Arctic, but the development of oil and gas is not one of them.
Until Acacia was served with $190 billion tax bill, it seemed as though Tanzania's president wanted a new settlement with the mining companies. Now it looks as though he wants new mining companies.
South Africa's mining industry is on an unsustainable trajectory and needs to undergo fundamental transformation that emphasises transparency, equity, and community participation.