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Articles on Vikings

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As this reconstructed village shows, Vikings made it as far as Newfoundland during the Medieval warm period. Wikimedia/Dylan Kereluk

Climate explained: what was the Medieval warm period?

During the European Middle Ages, parts of the world experienced warming similar to that between 1960 to 1990. But the rising temperatures we’re observing now are global and exceed the past record.
‘The Meeting of Two Worlds,’ a sculpture at L'Anse aux Meadows, commemorates the meeting of Vikings and Native Americans around the year 1000. D. Gordon E. Robertson/Wikimedia Commons

Globalization really started 1,000 years ago

The allure of novel goods was so strong that it triggered 1,000 years of trade and interactions among people from different places, but there were limits on globalization then that no longer exist,
A 1765 painting of Helios, the personification of the sun in Greek mythology. Wikimedia Commons

How ancient cultures explained eclipses

The sun was worshiped as a deity in many cultures – and witnessing it get extinguished could be a particularly terrifying event.
Late Viking Age Swedish rune-stone commemorating a man called Víkingr. Swedish National Heritage Board, Photo Bengt A. Lundberg

What does the word ‘Viking’ really mean?

What the Old Norse for Viking can tell us about the Scandinavian explorers.

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